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DESCRIPTION -------------------------------------------------------------------
gcmole is a simple static analysis tool used to find possible evaluation order
dependent GC-unsafe places in the V8 codebase.
For example the following code is GC-unsafe:
Handle<Object> Foo(); // Assume Foo can trigger a GC.
void Bar(Object*, Object*);
Handle<Object> baz;
baz->Qux(*Foo()); // (a)
Bar(*Foo(), *baz); // (b)
Both in cases (a) and (b) compiler is free to evaluate call arguments (that
includes receiver) in any order. That means it can dereference baz before
calling to Foo and save a raw pointer to a heap object in the register or
on the stack.
PREREQUISITES -----------------------------------------------------------------
1) Install Lua 5.1
2) Get LLVM 2.9 and Clang 2.9 sources and build them.
Follow the instructions on
Make sure to pass --enable-optimized to configure to get Release build
instead of a Debug one.
3) Build gcmole Clang plugin (
In the tools/gcmole execute the following command:
LLVM_SRC_ROOT=<path-to-llvm-source-root> make
USING GCMOLE ------------------------------------------------------------------
gcmole consists of driver script written in Lua and Clang plugin that does
C++ AST processing. Plugin ( is expected to be in the same
folder as driver (gcmole.lua).
To start analysis cd into the root of v8 checkout and execute the following
CLANG_BIN=<path-to-clang-bin-folder> lua tools/gcmole/gcmole.lua [<arch>]
where arch should be one of architectures supported by V8 (arm, ia32, x64).
Analysis will be performed in 2 stages:
- on the first stage driver will parse all files and build a global callgraph
approximation to find all functions that might potentially cause GC, list
of this functions will be written into gcsuspects file.
- on the second stage driver will parse all files again and will locate all
callsites that might be GC-unsafe based on the list of functions causing GC.
Such places are marked with a "Possible problem with evaluation order."
warning. Messages "Failed to resolve v8::internal::Object" are benign and
can be ignored.
If any errors were found driver exits with non-zero status.