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// Copyright (c) 2011 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <string>
#include "net/base/net_export.h"
class GURL;
namespace net {
// See RFC 2397 for a complete description of the 'data' URL scheme.
// Briefly, a 'data' URL has the form:
// data:[<mediatype>][;base64],<data>
// The <mediatype> is an Internet media type specification (with optional
// parameters.) The appearance of ";base64" means that the data is encoded as
// base64. Without ";base64", the data (as a sequence of octets) is represented
// using ASCII encoding for octets inside the range of safe URL characters and
// using the standard %xx hex encoding of URLs for octets outside that range.
// If <mediatype> is omitted, it defaults to text/plain;charset=US-ASCII. As a
// shorthand, "text/plain" can be omitted but the charset parameter supplied.
class NET_EXPORT DataURL {
// This method can be used to parse a 'data' URL into its component pieces.
// The resulting mime_type is normalized to lowercase. The data is the
// decoded data (e.g.., if the data URL specifies base64 encoding, then the
// returned data is base64 decoded, and any %-escaped bytes are unescaped).
// If the media type value doesn't match the media-type production defined in
// RFC 7231, mime_type will be set to the default value "text/plain". We
// don't simply fail for this grammar violation since Chromium had been
// accepting such invalid values. For example, <img> element with the src
// attribute set to a data URL with an invalid media type "image" (without a
// slash and subtype) had been displayed. However, the value this method will
// store in mime_type argument can be used for generating other headers, etc.
// This could lead to security vulnerability. We don't want to accept
// arbitrary value and ask each caller to validate the return value.
// If the charset parameter is specified but its value doesn't match the
// token production defined in RFC 7230, this method simply fails and returns
// false.
// If there's any other grammar violation in the URL, then this method will
// return false. Output variables may be changed and contain invalid data. On
// success, true is returned.
// OPTIONAL: If |data| is NULL, then the <data> section will not be parsed
// or validated.
static bool Parse(const GURL& url,
std::string* mime_type,
std::string* charset,
std::string* data);
} // namespace net
#endif // NET_BASE_DATA_URL_H_