blob: b08d6c92746a0d9952b6d9e3875dd125b7416af8 [file] [log] [blame]
from urllib.parse import urlencode
except ImportError:
from urllib import urlencode
from .filepost import encode_multipart_formdata
__all__ = ['RequestMethods']
class RequestMethods(object):
Convenience mixin for classes who implement a :meth:`urlopen` method, such
as :class:`~urllib3.connectionpool.HTTPConnectionPool` and
Provides behavior for making common types of HTTP request methods and
decides which type of request field encoding to use.
:meth:`.request_encode_url` is for sending requests whose fields are
encoded in the URL (such as GET, HEAD, DELETE).
:meth:`.request_encode_body` is for sending requests whose fields are
encoded in the *body* of the request using multipart or www-form-urlencoded
(such as for POST, PUT, PATCH).
:meth:`.request` is for making any kind of request, it will look up the
appropriate encoding format and use one of the above two methods to make
the request.
Initializer parameters:
:param headers:
Headers to include with all requests, unless other headers are given
_encode_url_methods = set(['DELETE', 'GET', 'HEAD', 'OPTIONS'])
def __init__(self, headers=None):
self.headers = headers or {}
def urlopen(self, method, url, body=None, headers=None,
encode_multipart=True, multipart_boundary=None,
**kw): # Abstract
raise NotImplemented("Classes extending RequestMethods must implement "
"their own ``urlopen`` method.")
def request(self, method, url, fields=None, headers=None, **urlopen_kw):
Make a request using :meth:`urlopen` with the appropriate encoding of
``fields`` based on the ``method`` used.
This is a convenience method that requires the least amount of manual
effort. It can be used in most situations, while still having the
option to drop down to more specific methods when necessary, such as
:meth:`request_encode_url`, :meth:`request_encode_body`,
or even the lowest level :meth:`urlopen`.
method = method.upper()
if method in self._encode_url_methods:
return self.request_encode_url(method, url, fields=fields,
return self.request_encode_body(method, url, fields=fields,
def request_encode_url(self, method, url, fields=None, **urlopen_kw):
Make a request using :meth:`urlopen` with the ``fields`` encoded in
the url. This is useful for request methods like GET, HEAD, DELETE, etc.
if fields:
url += '?' + urlencode(fields)
return self.urlopen(method, url, **urlopen_kw)
def request_encode_body(self, method, url, fields=None, headers=None,
encode_multipart=True, multipart_boundary=None,
Make a request using :meth:`urlopen` with the ``fields`` encoded in
the body. This is useful for request methods like POST, PUT, PATCH, etc.
When ``encode_multipart=True`` (default), then
:meth:`urllib3.filepost.encode_multipart_formdata` is used to encode
the payload with the appropriate content type. Otherwise
:meth:`urllib.urlencode` is used with the
'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' content type.
Multipart encoding must be used when posting files, and it's reasonably
safe to use it in other times too. However, it may break request
signing, such as with OAuth.
Supports an optional ``fields`` parameter of key/value strings AND
key/filetuple. A filetuple is a (filename, data, MIME type) tuple where
the MIME type is optional. For example::
fields = {
'foo': 'bar',
'fakefile': ('foofile.txt', 'contents of foofile'),
'realfile': ('barfile.txt', open('realfile').read()),
'typedfile': ('bazfile.bin', open('bazfile').read(),
'nonamefile': 'contents of nonamefile field',
When uploading a file, providing a filename (the first parameter of the
tuple) is optional but recommended to best mimick behavior of browsers.
Note that if ``headers`` are supplied, the 'Content-Type' header will
be overwritten because it depends on the dynamic random boundary string
which is used to compose the body of the request. The random boundary
string can be explicitly set with the ``multipart_boundary`` parameter.
if headers is None:
headers = self.headers
extra_kw = {'headers': {}}
if fields:
if 'body' in urlopen_kw:
raise TypeError('request got values for both \'fields\' and \'body\', can only specify one.')
if encode_multipart:
body, content_type = encode_multipart_formdata(fields, boundary=multipart_boundary)
body, content_type = urlencode(fields), 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
extra_kw['body'] = body
extra_kw['headers'] = {'Content-Type': content_type}
return self.urlopen(method, url, **extra_kw)