blob: 5a43d8b1f26c2b87e990813e8e6fd43f01218c28 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright 2018 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "base/atomicops.h"
#include "base/base_export.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
// Helper methods used by LazyInstance and a few other base APIs for thread-safe
// lazy construction.
namespace base {
namespace internal {
// Our AtomicWord doubles as a spinlock, where a value of
// kLazyInstanceStateCreating means the spinlock is being held for creation.
constexpr subtle::AtomicWord kLazyInstanceStateCreating = 1;
// Helper for GetOrCreateLazyPointer(). Checks if instance needs to be created.
// If so returns true otherwise if another thread has beat us, waits for
// instance to be created and returns false.
BASE_EXPORT bool NeedsLazyInstance(subtle::AtomicWord* state);
// Helper for GetOrCreateLazyPointer(). After creating an instance, this is
// called to register the dtor to be called at program exit and to update the
// atomic state to hold the |new_instance|
BASE_EXPORT void CompleteLazyInstance(subtle::AtomicWord* state,
subtle::AtomicWord new_instance,
void (*destructor)(void*),
void* destructor_arg);
} // namespace internal
namespace subtle {
// If |state| is uninitialized (zero), constructs a value using
// |creator_func(creator_arg)|, stores it into |state| and registers
// |destructor(destructor_arg)| to be called when the current AtExitManager goes
// out of scope. Then, returns the value stored in |state|. It is safe to have
// concurrent calls to this function with the same |state|. |creator_func| may
// return nullptr if it doesn't want to create an instance anymore (e.g. on
// shutdown), it is from then on required to return nullptr to all callers (ref.
// StaticMemorySingletonTraits). In that case, callers need to synchronize
// before |creator_func| may return a non-null instance again (ref.
// StaticMemorySingletonTraits::ResurectForTesting()).
// Implementation note on |creator_func/creator_arg|. It makes for ugly adapters
// but it avoids redundant template instantiations (e.g. saves 27KB in
// chrome.dll) because linker is able to fold these for multiple Types but
// couldn't with the more advanced CreatorFunc template type which in turn
// improves code locality (and application startup) -- ref.
// worsened by
// and caught then as
template <typename Type>
Type* GetOrCreateLazyPointer(subtle::AtomicWord* state,
Type* (*creator_func)(void*),
void* creator_arg,
void (*destructor)(void*),
void* destructor_arg) {
// If any bit in the created mask is true, the instance has already been
// fully constructed.
constexpr subtle::AtomicWord kLazyInstanceCreatedMask =
// We will hopefully have fast access when the instance is already created.
// Since a thread sees |state| == 0 or kLazyInstanceStateCreating at most
// once, the load is taken out of NeedsLazyInstance() as a fast-path. The load
// has acquire memory ordering as a thread which sees |state| > creating needs
// to acquire visibility over the associated data. Pairing Release_Store is in
// CompleteLazyInstance().
subtle::AtomicWord instance = subtle::Acquire_Load(state);
if (!(instance & kLazyInstanceCreatedMask)) {
if (internal::NeedsLazyInstance(state)) {
// This thread won the race and is now responsible for creating the
// instance and storing it back into |state|.
instance =
internal::CompleteLazyInstance(state, instance, destructor,
} else {
// This thread lost the race but now has visibility over the constructed
// instance (NeedsLazyInstance() doesn't return until the constructing
// thread releases the instance via CompleteLazyInstance()).
instance = subtle::Acquire_Load(state);
DCHECK(instance & kLazyInstanceCreatedMask);
return reinterpret_cast<Type*>(instance);
} // namespace subtle
} // namespace base