blob: 3580eae074fd93b9e1dbd16d527eb4cda4c0b5e4 [file] [log] [blame]
""" Python test discovery, setup and run of test functions. """
import fnmatch
import functools
import inspect
import re
import types
import sys
import py
import pytest
from _pytest._code.code import TerminalRepr
from _pytest.mark import MarkDecorator, MarkerError
import enum
except ImportError: # pragma: no cover
# Only available in Python 3.4+ or as a backport
enum = None
import _pytest
import _pytest._pluggy as pluggy
cutdir2 = py.path.local(_pytest.__file__).dirpath()
cutdir1 = py.path.local(pluggy.__file__.rstrip("oc"))
NoneType = type(None)
NOTSET = object()
isfunction = inspect.isfunction
isclass = inspect.isclass
callable = py.builtin.callable
# used to work around a python2 exception info leak
exc_clear = getattr(sys, 'exc_clear', lambda: None)
# The type of re.compile objects is not exposed in Python.
REGEX_TYPE = type(re.compile(''))
_PY3 = sys.version_info > (3, 0)
_PY2 = not _PY3
if hasattr(inspect, 'signature'):
def _format_args(func):
return str(inspect.signature(func))
def _format_args(func):
return inspect.formatargspec(*inspect.getargspec(func))
if sys.version_info[:2] == (2, 6):
def isclass(object):
""" Return true if the object is a class. Overrides inspect.isclass for
python 2.6 because it will return True for objects which always return
something on __getattr__ calls (see #1035).
Backport of
return isinstance(object, (type, types.ClassType))
def _has_positional_arg(func):
return func.__code__.co_argcount
def filter_traceback(entry):
# entry.path might sometimes return a str object when the entry
# points to dynamically generated code
# see
raw_filename = entry.frame.code.raw.co_filename
is_generated = '<' in raw_filename and '>' in raw_filename
if is_generated:
return False
# entry.path might point to an inexisting file, in which case it will
# alsso return a str object. see #1133
p = py.path.local(entry.path)
return p != cutdir1 and not p.relto(cutdir2)
def get_real_func(obj):
""" gets the real function object of the (possibly) wrapped object by
functools.wraps or functools.partial.
while hasattr(obj, "__wrapped__"):
obj = obj.__wrapped__
if isinstance(obj, functools.partial):
obj = obj.func
return obj
def getfslineno(obj):
# xxx let decorators etc specify a sane ordering
obj = get_real_func(obj)
if hasattr(obj, 'place_as'):
obj = obj.place_as
fslineno = _pytest._code.getfslineno(obj)
assert isinstance(fslineno[1], int), obj
return fslineno
def getimfunc(func):
return func.__func__
except AttributeError:
return func.im_func
except AttributeError:
return func
def safe_getattr(object, name, default):
""" Like getattr but return default upon any Exception.
Attribute access can potentially fail for 'evil' Python objects.
See issue214
return getattr(object, name, default)
except Exception:
return default
class FixtureFunctionMarker:
def __init__(self, scope, params,
autouse=False, yieldctx=False, ids=None):
self.scope = scope
self.params = params
self.autouse = autouse
self.yieldctx = yieldctx
self.ids = ids
def __call__(self, function):
if isclass(function):
raise ValueError(
"class fixtures not supported (may be in the future)")
function._pytestfixturefunction = self
return function
def fixture(scope="function", params=None, autouse=False, ids=None):
""" (return a) decorator to mark a fixture factory function.
This decorator can be used (with or or without parameters) to define
a fixture function. The name of the fixture function can later be
referenced to cause its invocation ahead of running tests: test
modules or classes can use the pytest.mark.usefixtures(fixturename)
marker. Test functions can directly use fixture names as input
arguments in which case the fixture instance returned from the fixture
function will be injected.
:arg scope: the scope for which this fixture is shared, one of
"function" (default), "class", "module", "session".
:arg params: an optional list of parameters which will cause multiple
invocations of the fixture function and all of the tests
using it.
:arg autouse: if True, the fixture func is activated for all tests that
can see it. If False (the default) then an explicit
reference is needed to activate the fixture.
:arg ids: list of string ids each corresponding to the params
so that they are part of the test id. If no ids are provided
they will be generated automatically from the params.
if callable(scope) and params is None and autouse == False:
# direct decoration
return FixtureFunctionMarker(
"function", params, autouse)(scope)
if params is not None and not isinstance(params, (list, tuple)):
params = list(params)
return FixtureFunctionMarker(scope, params, autouse, ids=ids)
def yield_fixture(scope="function", params=None, autouse=False, ids=None):
""" (return a) decorator to mark a yield-fixture factory function
This takes the same arguments as :py:func:`pytest.fixture` but
expects a fixture function to use a ``yield`` instead of a ``return``
statement to provide a fixture. See for more info.
if callable(scope) and params is None and autouse == False:
# direct decoration
return FixtureFunctionMarker(
"function", params, autouse, yieldctx=True)(scope)
return FixtureFunctionMarker(scope, params, autouse,
yieldctx=True, ids=ids)
defaultfuncargprefixmarker = fixture()
def pyobj_property(name):
def get(self):
node = self.getparent(getattr(pytest, name))
if node is not None:
return node.obj
doc = "python %s object this node was collected from (can be None)." % (
return property(get, None, None, doc)
def pytest_addoption(parser):
group = parser.getgroup("general")
group.addoption('--fixtures', '--funcargs',
action="store_true", dest="showfixtures", default=False,
help="show available fixtures, sorted by plugin appearance")
parser.addini("usefixtures", type="args", default=[],
help="list of default fixtures to be used with this project")
parser.addini("python_files", type="args",
default=['test_*.py', '*'],
help="glob-style file patterns for Python test module discovery")
parser.addini("python_classes", type="args", default=["Test",],
help="prefixes or glob names for Python test class discovery")
parser.addini("python_functions", type="args", default=["test",],
help="prefixes or glob names for Python test function and "
"method discovery")
group.addoption("--import-mode", default="prepend",
choices=["prepend", "append"], dest="importmode",
help="prepend/append to sys.path when importing test modules, "
"default is to prepend.")
def pytest_cmdline_main(config):
if config.option.showfixtures:
return 0
def pytest_generate_tests(metafunc):
# those alternative spellings are common - raise a specific error to alert
# the user
alt_spellings = ['parameterize', 'parametrise', 'parameterise']
for attr in alt_spellings:
if hasattr(metafunc.function, attr):
msg = "{0} has '{1}', spelling should be 'parametrize'"
raise MarkerError(msg.format(metafunc.function.__name__, attr))
markers = metafunc.function.parametrize
except AttributeError:
for marker in markers:
metafunc.parametrize(*marker.args, **marker.kwargs)
def pytest_configure(config):
"parametrize(argnames, argvalues): call a test function multiple "
"times passing in different arguments in turn. argvalues generally "
"needs to be a list of values if argnames specifies only one name "
"or a list of tuples of values if argnames specifies multiple names. "
"Example: @parametrize('arg1', [1,2]) would lead to two calls of the "
"decorated test function, one with arg1=1 and another with arg1=2."
"see for more info and "
"usefixtures(fixturename1, fixturename2, ...): mark tests as needing "
"all of the specified fixtures. see "
def pytest_sessionstart(session):
session._fixturemanager = FixtureManager(session)
def pytest_namespace():
raises.Exception =
return {
'fixture': fixture,
'yield_fixture': yield_fixture,
'raises' : raises,
'collect': {
'Module': Module, 'Class': Class, 'Instance': Instance,
'Function': Function, 'Generator': Generator,
'_fillfuncargs': fillfixtures}
def pytestconfig(request):
""" the pytest config object with access to command line opts."""
return request.config
def pytest_pyfunc_call(pyfuncitem):
testfunction = pyfuncitem.obj
if pyfuncitem._isyieldedfunction():
funcargs = pyfuncitem.funcargs
testargs = {}
for arg in pyfuncitem._fixtureinfo.argnames:
testargs[arg] = funcargs[arg]
return True
def pytest_collect_file(path, parent):
ext = path.ext
if ext == ".py":
if not parent.session.isinitpath(path):
for pat in parent.config.getini('python_files'):
if path.fnmatch(pat):
ihook = parent.session.gethookproxy(path)
return ihook.pytest_pycollect_makemodule(path=path, parent=parent)
def pytest_pycollect_makemodule(path, parent):
return Module(path, parent)
def pytest_pycollect_makeitem(collector, name, obj):
outcome = yield
res = outcome.get_result()
if res is not None:
raise StopIteration
# nothing was collected elsewhere, let's do it here
if isclass(obj):
if collector.istestclass(obj, name):
Class = collector._getcustomclass("Class")
outcome.force_result(Class(name, parent=collector))
elif collector.istestfunction(obj, name):
# mock seems to store unbound methods (issue473), normalize it
obj = getattr(obj, "__func__", obj)
# We need to try and unwrap the function if it's a functools.partial
# or a funtools.wrapped.
# We musn't if it's been wrapped with mock.patch (python 2 only)
if not (isfunction(obj) or isfunction(get_real_func(obj))):
collector.warn(code="C2", message=
"cannot collect %r because it is not a function."
% name, )
elif getattr(obj, "__test__", True):
if is_generator(obj):
res = Generator(name, parent=collector)
res = list(collector._genfunctions(name, obj))
def is_generator(func):
return _pytest._code.getrawcode(func).co_flags & 32 # generator function
except AttributeError: # builtin functions have no bytecode
# assume them to not be generators
return False
class PyobjContext(object):
module = pyobj_property("Module")
cls = pyobj_property("Class")
instance = pyobj_property("Instance")
class PyobjMixin(PyobjContext):
def obj():
def fget(self):
return self._obj
except AttributeError:
self._obj = obj = self._getobj()
return obj
def fset(self, value):
self._obj = value
return property(fget, fset, None, "underlying python object")
obj = obj()
def _getobj(self):
return getattr(self.parent.obj,
def getmodpath(self, stopatmodule=True, includemodule=False):
""" return python path relative to the containing module. """
chain = self.listchain()
parts = []
for node in chain:
if isinstance(node, Instance):
name =
if isinstance(node, Module):
assert name.endswith(".py")
name = name[:-3]
if stopatmodule:
if includemodule:
s = ".".join(parts)
return s.replace(".[", "[")
def _getfslineno(self):
return getfslineno(self.obj)
def reportinfo(self):
# XXX caching?
obj = self.obj
compat_co_firstlineno = getattr(obj, 'compat_co_firstlineno', None)
if isinstance(compat_co_firstlineno, int):
# nose compatibility
fspath = sys.modules[obj.__module__].__file__
if fspath.endswith(".pyc"):
fspath = fspath[:-1]
lineno = compat_co_firstlineno
fspath, lineno = getfslineno(obj)
modpath = self.getmodpath()
assert isinstance(lineno, int)
return fspath, lineno, modpath
class PyCollector(PyobjMixin, pytest.Collector):
def funcnamefilter(self, name):
return self._matches_prefix_or_glob_option('python_functions', name)
def isnosetest(self, obj):
""" Look for the __test__ attribute, which is applied by the decorator
# We explicitly check for "is True" here to not mistakenly treat
# classes with a custom __getattr__ returning something truthy (like a
# function) as test classes.
return safe_getattr(obj, '__test__', False) is True
def classnamefilter(self, name):
return self._matches_prefix_or_glob_option('python_classes', name)
def istestfunction(self, obj, name):
return (
(self.funcnamefilter(name) or self.isnosetest(obj)) and
safe_getattr(obj, "__call__", False) and getfixturemarker(obj) is None
def istestclass(self, obj, name):
return self.classnamefilter(name) or self.isnosetest(obj)
def _matches_prefix_or_glob_option(self, option_name, name):
checks if the given name matches the prefix or glob-pattern defined
in ini configuration.
for option in self.config.getini(option_name):
if name.startswith(option):
return True
# check that name looks like a glob-string before calling fnmatch
# because this is called for every name in each collected module,
# and fnmatch is somewhat expensive to call
elif ('*' in option or '?' in option or '[' in option) and \
fnmatch.fnmatch(name, option):
return True
return False
def collect(self):
if not getattr(self.obj, "__test__", True):
return []
# NB. we avoid random getattrs and peek in the __dict__ instead
# (XXX originally introduced from a PyPy need, still true?)
dicts = [getattr(self.obj, '__dict__', {})]
for basecls in inspect.getmro(self.obj.__class__):
seen = {}
l = []
for dic in dicts:
for name, obj in list(dic.items()):
if name in seen:
seen[name] = True
res = self.makeitem(name, obj)
if res is None:
if not isinstance(res, list):
res = [res]
l.sort(key=lambda item: item.reportinfo()[:2])
return l
def makeitem(self, name, obj):
#assert self.ihook.fspath == self.fspath, self
return self.ihook.pytest_pycollect_makeitem(
collector=self, name=name, obj=obj)
def _genfunctions(self, name, funcobj):
module = self.getparent(Module).obj
clscol = self.getparent(Class)
cls = clscol and clscol.obj or None
transfer_markers(funcobj, cls, module)
fm = self.session._fixturemanager
fixtureinfo = fm.getfixtureinfo(self, funcobj, cls)
metafunc = Metafunc(funcobj, fixtureinfo, self.config,
cls=cls, module=module)
methods = []
if hasattr(module, "pytest_generate_tests"):
if hasattr(cls, "pytest_generate_tests"):
if methods:
Function = self._getcustomclass("Function")
if not metafunc._calls:
yield Function(name, parent=self, fixtureinfo=fixtureinfo)
# add funcargs() as fixturedefs to fixtureinfo.arg2fixturedefs
add_funcarg_pseudo_fixture_def(self, metafunc, fm)
for callspec in metafunc._calls:
subname = "%s[%s]" %(name,
yield Function(name=subname, parent=self,
callspec=callspec, callobj=funcobj,
def add_funcarg_pseudo_fixture_def(collector, metafunc, fixturemanager):
# this function will transform all collected calls to a functions
# if they use direct funcargs (i.e. direct parametrization)
# because we want later test execution to be able to rely on
# an existing FixtureDef structure for all arguments.
# XXX we can probably avoid this algorithm if we modify CallSpec2
# to directly care for creating the fixturedefs within its methods.
if not metafunc._calls[0].funcargs:
return # this function call does not have direct parametrization
# collect funcargs of all callspecs into a list of values
arg2params = {}
arg2scope = {}
for callspec in metafunc._calls:
for argname, argvalue in callspec.funcargs.items():
assert argname not in callspec.params
callspec.params[argname] = argvalue
arg2params_list = arg2params.setdefault(argname, [])
callspec.indices[argname] = len(arg2params_list)
if argname not in arg2scope:
scopenum = callspec._arg2scopenum.get(argname,
arg2scope[argname] = scopes[scopenum]
# register artificial FixtureDef's so that later at test execution
# time we can rely on a proper FixtureDef to exist for fixture setup.
arg2fixturedefs = metafunc._arg2fixturedefs
for argname, valuelist in arg2params.items():
# if we have a scope that is higher than function we need
# to make sure we only ever create an according fixturedef on
# a per-scope basis. We thus store and cache the fixturedef on the
# node related to the scope.
scope = arg2scope[argname]
node = None
if scope != "function":
node = get_scope_node(collector, scope)
if node is None:
assert scope == "class" and isinstance(collector, Module)
# use module-level collector for class-scope (for now)
node = collector
if node and argname in node._name2pseudofixturedef:
arg2fixturedefs[argname] = [node._name2pseudofixturedef[argname]]
fixturedef = FixtureDef(fixturemanager, '', argname,
valuelist, False, False)
arg2fixturedefs[argname] = [fixturedef]
if node is not None:
node._name2pseudofixturedef[argname] = fixturedef
def get_direct_param_fixture_func(request):
return request.param
class FuncFixtureInfo:
def __init__(self, argnames, names_closure, name2fixturedefs):
self.argnames = argnames
self.names_closure = names_closure
self.name2fixturedefs = name2fixturedefs
def _marked(func, mark):
""" Returns True if :func: is already marked with :mark:, False otherwise.
This can happen if marker is applied to class and the test file is
invoked more than once.
func_mark = getattr(func,
except AttributeError:
return False
return mark.args == func_mark.args and mark.kwargs == func_mark.kwargs
def transfer_markers(funcobj, cls, mod):
# XXX this should rather be code in the mark plugin or the mark
# plugin should merge with the python plugin.
for holder in (cls, mod):
pytestmark = holder.pytestmark
except AttributeError:
if isinstance(pytestmark, list):
for mark in pytestmark:
if not _marked(funcobj, mark):
if not _marked(funcobj, pytestmark):
class Module(pytest.File, PyCollector):
""" Collector for test classes and functions. """
def _getobj(self):
return self._memoizedcall('_obj', self._importtestmodule)
def collect(self):
return super(Module, self).collect()
def _importtestmodule(self):
# we assume we are only called once per module
importmode = self.config.getoption("--import-mode")
mod = self.fspath.pyimport(ensuresyspath=importmode)
except SyntaxError:
raise self.CollectError(
except self.fspath.ImportMismatchError:
e = sys.exc_info()[1]
raise self.CollectError(
"import file mismatch:\n"
"imported module %r has this __file__ attribute:\n"
" %s\n"
"which is not the same as the test file we want to collect:\n"
" %s\n"
"HINT: remove __pycache__ / .pyc files and/or use a "
"unique basename for your test file modules"
% e.args
#print "imported test module", mod
return mod
def setup(self):
setup_module = xunitsetup(self.obj, "setUpModule")
if setup_module is None:
setup_module = xunitsetup(self.obj, "setup_module")
if setup_module is not None:
#XXX: nose compat hack, move to nose plugin
# if it takes a positional arg, its probably a pytest style one
# so we pass the current module object
if _has_positional_arg(setup_module):
fin = getattr(self.obj, 'tearDownModule', None)
if fin is None:
fin = getattr(self.obj, 'teardown_module', None)
if fin is not None:
#XXX: nose compat hack, move to nose plugin
# if it takes a positional arg, it's probably a pytest style one
# so we pass the current module object
if _has_positional_arg(fin):
finalizer = lambda: fin(self.obj)
finalizer = fin
class Class(PyCollector):
""" Collector for test methods. """
def collect(self):
if hasinit(self.obj):
self.warn("C1", "cannot collect test class %r because it has a "
"__init__ constructor" % self.obj.__name__)
return []
return [self._getcustomclass("Instance")(name="()", parent=self)]
def setup(self):
setup_class = xunitsetup(self.obj, 'setup_class')
if setup_class is not None:
setup_class = getattr(setup_class, 'im_func', setup_class)
setup_class = getattr(setup_class, '__func__', setup_class)
fin_class = getattr(self.obj, 'teardown_class', None)
if fin_class is not None:
fin_class = getattr(fin_class, 'im_func', fin_class)
fin_class = getattr(fin_class, '__func__', fin_class)
self.addfinalizer(lambda: fin_class(self.obj))
class Instance(PyCollector):
def _getobj(self):
obj = self.parent.obj()
return obj
def collect(self):
return super(Instance, self).collect()
def newinstance(self):
self.obj = self._getobj()
return self.obj
class FunctionMixin(PyobjMixin):
""" mixin for the code common to Function and Generator.
def setup(self):
""" perform setup for this test function. """
if hasattr(self, '_preservedparent'):
obj = self._preservedparent
elif isinstance(self.parent, Instance):
obj = self.parent.newinstance()
self.obj = self._getobj()
obj = self.parent.obj
if inspect.ismethod(self.obj):
setup_name = 'setup_method'
teardown_name = 'teardown_method'
setup_name = 'setup_function'
teardown_name = 'teardown_function'
setup_func_or_method = xunitsetup(obj, setup_name)
if setup_func_or_method is not None:
fin = getattr(obj, teardown_name, None)
if fin is not None:
self.addfinalizer(lambda: fin(self.obj))
def _prunetraceback(self, excinfo):
if hasattr(self, '_obj') and not self.config.option.fulltrace:
code = _pytest._code.Code(get_real_func(self.obj))
path, firstlineno = code.path, code.firstlineno
traceback = excinfo.traceback
ntraceback = traceback.cut(path=path, firstlineno=firstlineno)
if ntraceback == traceback:
ntraceback = ntraceback.cut(path=path)
if ntraceback == traceback:
#ntraceback = ntraceback.cut(excludepath=cutdir2)
ntraceback = ntraceback.filter(filter_traceback)
if not ntraceback:
ntraceback = traceback
excinfo.traceback = ntraceback.filter()
# issue364: mark all but first and last frames to
# only show a single-line message for each frame
if self.config.option.tbstyle == "auto":
if len(excinfo.traceback) > 2:
for entry in excinfo.traceback[1:-1]:
def _repr_failure_py(self, excinfo, style="long"):
if excinfo.errisinstance(
if not excinfo.value.pytrace:
return py._builtin._totext(excinfo.value)
return super(FunctionMixin, self)._repr_failure_py(excinfo,
def repr_failure(self, excinfo, outerr=None):
assert outerr is None, "XXX outerr usage is deprecated"
style = self.config.option.tbstyle
if style == "auto":
style = "long"
return self._repr_failure_py(excinfo, style=style)
class Generator(FunctionMixin, PyCollector):
def collect(self):
# test generators are seen as collectors but they also
# invoke setup/teardown on popular request
# (induced by the common "test_*" naming shared with normal tests)
# see FunctionMixin.setup and test_setupstate_is_preserved_134
self._preservedparent = self.parent.obj
l = []
seen = {}
for i, x in enumerate(self.obj()):
name, call, args = self.getcallargs(x)
if not callable(call):
raise TypeError("%r yielded non callable test %r" %(self.obj, call,))
if name is None:
name = "[%d]" % i
name = "['%s']" % name
if name in seen:
raise ValueError("%r generated tests with non-unique name %r" %(self, name))
seen[name] = True
l.append(self.Function(name, self, args=args, callobj=call))
return l
def getcallargs(self, obj):
if not isinstance(obj, (tuple, list)):
obj = (obj,)
# explict naming
if isinstance(obj[0], py.builtin._basestring):
name = obj[0]
obj = obj[1:]
name = None
call, args = obj[0], obj[1:]
return name, call, args
def hasinit(obj):
init = getattr(obj, '__init__', None)
if init:
if init != object.__init__:
return True
def fillfixtures(function):
""" fill missing funcargs for a test function. """
request = function._request
except AttributeError:
# XXX this special code path is only expected to execute
# with the oejskit plugin. It uses classes with funcargs
# and we thus have to work a bit to allow this.
fm = function.session._fixturemanager
fi = fm.getfixtureinfo(function.parent, function.obj, None)
function._fixtureinfo = fi
request = function._request = FixtureRequest(function)
# prune out funcargs for jstests
newfuncargs = {}
for name in fi.argnames:
newfuncargs[name] = function.funcargs[name]
function.funcargs = newfuncargs
_notexists = object()
class CallSpec2(object):
def __init__(self, metafunc):
self.metafunc = metafunc
self.funcargs = {}
self._idlist = []
self.params = {}
self._globalid = _notexists
self._globalid_args = set()
self._globalparam = _notexists
self._arg2scopenum = {} # used for sorting parametrized resources
self.keywords = {}
self.indices = {}
def copy(self, metafunc):
cs = CallSpec2(self.metafunc)
cs._idlist = list(self._idlist)
cs._globalid = self._globalid
cs._globalid_args = self._globalid_args
cs._globalparam = self._globalparam
return cs
def _checkargnotcontained(self, arg):
if arg in self.params or arg in self.funcargs:
raise ValueError("duplicate %r" %(arg,))
def getparam(self, name):
return self.params[name]
except KeyError:
if self._globalparam is _notexists:
raise ValueError(name)
return self._globalparam
def id(self):
return "-".join(map(str, filter(None, self._idlist)))
def setmulti(self, valtypes, argnames, valset, id, keywords, scopenum,
for arg,val in zip(argnames, valset):
valtype_for_arg = valtypes[arg]
getattr(self, valtype_for_arg)[arg] = val
self.indices[arg] = param_index
self._arg2scopenum[arg] = scopenum
if val is _notexists:
self._emptyparamspecified = True
def setall(self, funcargs, id, param):
for x in funcargs:
if id is not _notexists:
if param is not _notexists:
assert self._globalparam is _notexists
self._globalparam = param
for arg in funcargs:
self._arg2scopenum[arg] = scopenum_function
class FuncargnamesCompatAttr:
""" helper class so that Metafunc, Function and FixtureRequest
don't need to each define the "funcargnames" compatibility attribute.
def funcargnames(self):
""" alias attribute for ``fixturenames`` for pre-2.3 compatibility"""
return self.fixturenames
class Metafunc(FuncargnamesCompatAttr):
Metafunc objects are passed to the ``pytest_generate_tests`` hook.
They help to inspect a test function and to generate tests according to
test configuration or values specified in the class or module where a
test function is defined.
:ivar fixturenames: set of fixture names required by the test function
:ivar function: underlying python test function
:ivar cls: class object where the test function is defined in or ``None``.
:ivar module: the module object where the test function is defined in.
:ivar config: access to the :class:`_pytest.config.Config` object for the
test session.
:ivar funcargnames:
.. deprecated:: 2.3
Use ``fixturenames`` instead.
def __init__(self, function, fixtureinfo, config, cls=None, module=None):
self.config = config
self.module = module
self.function = function
self.fixturenames = fixtureinfo.names_closure
self._arg2fixturedefs = fixtureinfo.name2fixturedefs
self.cls = cls
self._calls = []
self._ids = py.builtin.set()
def parametrize(self, argnames, argvalues, indirect=False, ids=None,
""" Add new invocations to the underlying test function using the list
of argvalues for the given argnames. Parametrization is performed
during the collection phase. If you need to setup expensive resources
see about setting indirect to do it rather at test setup time.
:arg argnames: a comma-separated string denoting one or more argument
names, or a list/tuple of argument strings.
:arg argvalues: The list of argvalues determines how often a
test is invoked with different argument values. If only one
argname was specified argvalues is a list of values. If N
argnames were specified, argvalues must be a list of N-tuples,
where each tuple-element specifies a value for its respective
:arg indirect: The list of argnames or boolean. A list of arguments'
names (subset of argnames). If True the list contains all names from
the argnames. Each argvalue corresponding to an argname in this list will
be passed as request.param to its respective argname fixture
function so that it can perform more expensive setups during the
setup phase of a test rather than at collection time.
:arg ids: list of string ids, or a callable.
If strings, each is corresponding to the argvalues so that they are
part of the test id.
If callable, it should take one argument (a single argvalue) and return
a string or return None. If None, the automatically generated id for that
argument will be used.
If no ids are provided they will be generated automatically from
the argvalues.
:arg scope: if specified it denotes the scope of the parameters.
The scope is used for grouping tests by parameter instances.
It will also override any fixture-function defined scope, allowing
to set a dynamic scope using test context or configuration.
# individual parametrized argument sets can be wrapped in a series
# of markers in which case we unwrap the values and apply the mark
# at Function init
newkeywords = {}
unwrapped_argvalues = []
for i, argval in enumerate(argvalues):
while isinstance(argval, MarkDecorator):
newmark = MarkDecorator(argval.markname,
argval.args[:-1], argval.kwargs)
newmarks = newkeywords.setdefault(i, {})
newmarks[newmark.markname] = newmark
argval = argval.args[-1]
argvalues = unwrapped_argvalues
if not isinstance(argnames, (tuple, list)):
argnames = [x.strip() for x in argnames.split(",") if x.strip()]
if len(argnames) == 1:
argvalues = [(val,) for val in argvalues]
if not argvalues:
argvalues = [(_notexists,) * len(argnames)]
if scope is None:
scope = "function"
scopenum = scopes.index(scope)
valtypes = {}
for arg in argnames:
if arg not in self.fixturenames:
raise ValueError("%r uses no fixture %r" %(self.function, arg))
if indirect is True:
valtypes = dict.fromkeys(argnames, "params")
elif indirect is False:
valtypes = dict.fromkeys(argnames, "funcargs")
elif isinstance(indirect, (tuple, list)):
valtypes = dict.fromkeys(argnames, "funcargs")
for arg in indirect:
if arg not in argnames:
raise ValueError("indirect given to %r: fixture %r doesn't exist" %(
self.function, arg))
valtypes[arg] = "params"
idfn = None
if callable(ids):
idfn = ids
ids = None
if ids and len(ids) != len(argvalues):
raise ValueError('%d tests specified with %d ids' %(
len(argvalues), len(ids)))
if not ids:
ids = idmaker(argnames, argvalues, idfn)
newcalls = []
for callspec in self._calls or [CallSpec2(self)]:
for param_index, valset in enumerate(argvalues):
assert len(valset) == len(argnames)
newcallspec = callspec.copy(self)
newcallspec.setmulti(valtypes, argnames, valset, ids[param_index],
newkeywords.get(param_index, {}), scopenum,
self._calls = newcalls
def addcall(self, funcargs=None, id=_notexists, param=_notexists):
""" (deprecated, use parametrize) Add a new call to the underlying
test function during the collection phase of a test run. Note that
request.addcall() is called during the test collection phase prior and
independently to actual test execution. You should only use addcall()
if you need to specify multiple arguments of a test function.
:arg funcargs: argument keyword dictionary used when invoking
the test function.
:arg id: used for reporting and identification purposes. If you
don't supply an `id` an automatic unique id will be generated.
:arg param: a parameter which will be exposed to a later fixture function
invocation through the ``request.param`` attribute.
assert funcargs is None or isinstance(funcargs, dict)
if funcargs is not None:
for name in funcargs:
if name not in self.fixturenames:"funcarg %r not used in this function." % name)
funcargs = {}
if id is None:
raise ValueError("id=None not allowed")
if id is _notexists:
id = len(self._calls)
id = str(id)
if id in self._ids:
raise ValueError("duplicate id %r" % id)
cs = CallSpec2(self)
cs.setall(funcargs, id, param)
if _PY3:
import codecs
def _escape_bytes(val):
If val is pure ascii, returns it as a str(), otherwise escapes
into a sequence of escaped bytes:
b'\xc3\xb4\xc5\xd6' -> u'\\xc3\\xb4\\xc5\\xd6'
the obvious "v.decode('unicode-escape')" will return
valid utf-8 unicode if it finds them in the string, but we
want to return escaped bytes for any byte, even if they match
a utf-8 string.
if val:
# source:
encoded_bytes, _ = codecs.escape_encode(val)
return encoded_bytes.decode('ascii')
# empty bytes crashes codecs.escape_encode (#1087)
return ''
def _escape_bytes(val):
In py2 bytes and str are the same type, so return it unchanged if it
is a full ascii string, otherwise escape it into its binary form.
return val.decode('ascii')
except UnicodeDecodeError:
return val.encode('string-escape')
def _idval(val, argname, idx, idfn):
if idfn:
s = idfn(val)
if s:
return s
except Exception:
if isinstance(val, bytes):
return _escape_bytes(val)
elif isinstance(val, (float, int, str, bool, NoneType)):
return str(val)
elif isinstance(val, REGEX_TYPE):
return _escape_bytes(val.pattern) if isinstance(val.pattern, bytes) else val.pattern
elif enum is not None and isinstance(val, enum.Enum):
return str(val)
elif isclass(val) and hasattr(val, '__name__'):
return val.__name__
elif _PY2 and isinstance(val, unicode):
# special case for python 2: if a unicode string is
# convertible to ascii, return it as an str() object instead
return str(val)
except UnicodeError:
# fallthrough
return str(argname)+str(idx)
def _idvalset(idx, valset, argnames, idfn):
this_id = [_idval(val, argname, idx, idfn)
for val, argname in zip(valset, argnames)]
return "-".join(this_id)
def idmaker(argnames, argvalues, idfn=None):
ids = [_idvalset(valindex, valset, argnames, idfn)
for valindex, valset in enumerate(argvalues)]
if len(set(ids)) < len(ids):
# user may have provided a bad idfn which means the ids are not unique
ids = [str(i) + testid for i, testid in enumerate(ids)]
return ids
def showfixtures(config):
from _pytest.main import wrap_session
return wrap_session(config, _showfixtures_main)
def _showfixtures_main(config, session):
import _pytest.config
curdir = py.path.local()
tw = _pytest.config.create_terminal_writer(config)
verbose = config.getvalue("verbose")
fm = session._fixturemanager
available = []
for argname, fixturedefs in fm._arg2fixturedefs.items():
assert fixturedefs is not None
if not fixturedefs:
fixturedef = fixturedefs[-1]
loc = getlocation(fixturedef.func, curdir)
fixturedef.argname, fixturedef))
currentmodule = None
for baseid, module, bestrel, argname, fixturedef in available:
if currentmodule != module:
if not module.startswith("_pytest."):
tw.sep("-", "fixtures defined from %s" %(module,))
currentmodule = module
if verbose <= 0 and argname[0] == "_":
if verbose > 0:
funcargspec = "%s -- %s" %(argname, bestrel,)
funcargspec = argname
tw.line(funcargspec, green=True)
loc = getlocation(fixturedef.func, curdir)
doc = fixturedef.func.__doc__ or ""
if doc:
for line in doc.strip().split("\n"):
tw.line(" " + line.strip())
tw.line(" %s: no docstring available" %(loc,),
def getlocation(function, curdir):
import inspect
fn = py.path.local(inspect.getfile(function))
lineno = py.builtin._getcode(function).co_firstlineno
if fn.relto(curdir):
fn = fn.relto(curdir)
return "%s:%d" %(fn, lineno+1)
# builtin pytest.raises helper
def raises(expected_exception, *args, **kwargs):
""" assert that a code block/function call raises ``expected_exception``
and raise a failure exception otherwise.
This helper produces a ``ExceptionInfo()`` object (see below).
If using Python 2.5 or above, you may use this function as a
context manager::
>>> with raises(ZeroDivisionError):
... 1/0
.. note::
When using ``pytest.raises`` as a context manager, it's worthwhile to
note that normal context manager rules apply and that the exception
raised *must* be the final line in the scope of the context manager.
Lines of code after that, within the scope of the context manager will
not be executed. For example::
>>> with raises(OSError) as exc_info:
assert 1 == 1 # this will execute as expected
raise OSError(errno.EEXISTS, 'directory exists')
assert exc_info.value.errno == errno.EEXISTS # this will not execute
Instead, the following approach must be taken (note the difference in
>>> with raises(OSError) as exc_info:
assert 1 == 1 # this will execute as expected
raise OSError(errno.EEXISTS, 'directory exists')
assert exc_info.value.errno == errno.EEXISTS # this will now execute
Or you can specify a callable by passing a to-be-called lambda::
>>> raises(ZeroDivisionError, lambda: 1/0)
<ExceptionInfo ...>
or you can specify an arbitrary callable with arguments::
>>> def f(x): return 1/x
>>> raises(ZeroDivisionError, f, 0)
<ExceptionInfo ...>
>>> raises(ZeroDivisionError, f, x=0)
<ExceptionInfo ...>
A third possibility is to use a string to be executed::
>>> raises(ZeroDivisionError, "f(0)")
<ExceptionInfo ...>
.. autoclass:: _pytest._code.ExceptionInfo
.. note::
Similar to caught exception objects in Python, explicitly clearing
local references to returned ``ExceptionInfo`` objects can
help the Python interpreter speed up its garbage collection.
Clearing those references breaks a reference cycle
(``ExceptionInfo`` --> caught exception --> frame stack raising
the exception --> current frame stack --> local variables -->
``ExceptionInfo``) which makes Python keep all objects referenced
from that cycle (including all local variables in the current
frame) alive until the next cyclic garbage collection run. See the
official Python ``try`` statement documentation for more detailed
__tracebackhide__ = True
if expected_exception is AssertionError:
# we want to catch a AssertionError
# replace our subclass with the builtin one
# see
from _pytest.assertion.util import BuiltinAssertionError \
as expected_exception
msg = ("exceptions must be old-style classes or"
" derived from BaseException, not %s")
if isinstance(expected_exception, tuple):
for exc in expected_exception:
if not isclass(exc):
raise TypeError(msg % type(exc))
elif not isclass(expected_exception):
raise TypeError(msg % type(expected_exception))
if not args:
return RaisesContext(expected_exception)
elif isinstance(args[0], str):
code, = args
assert isinstance(code, str)
frame = sys._getframe(1)
loc = frame.f_locals.copy()
#print "raises frame scope: %r" % frame.f_locals
code = _pytest._code.Source(code).compile()
py.builtin.exec_(code, frame.f_globals, loc)
# XXX didn'T mean f_globals == f_locals something special?
# this is destroyed here ...
except expected_exception:
return _pytest._code.ExceptionInfo()
func = args[0]
func(*args[1:], **kwargs)
except expected_exception:
return _pytest._code.ExceptionInfo()"DID NOT RAISE {0}".format(expected_exception))
class RaisesContext(object):
def __init__(self, expected_exception):
self.expected_exception = expected_exception
self.excinfo = None
def __enter__(self):
self.excinfo = object.__new__(_pytest._code.ExceptionInfo)
return self.excinfo
def __exit__(self, *tp):
__tracebackhide__ = True
if tp[0] is None:"DID NOT RAISE")
if sys.version_info < (2, 7):
# py26: on __exit__() exc_value often does not contain the
# exception value.
if not isinstance(tp[1], BaseException):
exc_type, value, traceback = tp
tp = exc_type, exc_type(value), traceback
return issubclass(self.excinfo.type, self.expected_exception)
# the basic pytest Function item
class Function(FunctionMixin, pytest.Item, FuncargnamesCompatAttr):
""" a Function Item is responsible for setting up and executing a
Python test function.
_genid = None
def __init__(self, name, parent, args=None, config=None,
callspec=None, callobj=NOTSET, keywords=None, session=None,
super(Function, self).__init__(name, parent, config=config,
self._args = args
if callobj is not NOTSET:
self.obj = callobj
if callspec:
self.callspec = callspec
if keywords:
if fixtureinfo is None:
fixtureinfo = self.session._fixturemanager.getfixtureinfo(
self.parent, self.obj, self.cls,
funcargs=not self._isyieldedfunction())
self._fixtureinfo = fixtureinfo
self.fixturenames = fixtureinfo.names_closure
def _initrequest(self):
self.funcargs = {}
if self._isyieldedfunction():
assert not hasattr(self, "callspec"), (
"yielded functions (deprecated) cannot have funcargs")
if hasattr(self, "callspec"):
callspec = self.callspec
assert not callspec.funcargs
self._genid =
if hasattr(callspec, "param"):
self.param = callspec.param
self._request = FixtureRequest(self)
def function(self):
"underlying python 'function' object"
return getattr(self.obj, 'im_func', self.obj)
def _getobj(self):
name =
i = name.find("[") # parametrization
if i != -1:
name = name[:i]
return getattr(self.parent.obj, name)
def _pyfuncitem(self):
"(compatonly) for code expecting pytest-2.2 style request objects"
return self
def _isyieldedfunction(self):
return getattr(self, "_args", None) is not None
def runtest(self):
""" execute the underlying test function. """
def setup(self):
# check if parametrization happend with an empty list
except AttributeError:
fs, lineno = self._getfslineno()
pytest.skip("got empty parameter set, function %s at %s:%d" %(
self.function.__name__, fs, lineno))
super(Function, self).setup()
scope2props = dict(session=())
scope2props["module"] = ("fspath", "module")
scope2props["class"] = scope2props["module"] + ("cls",)
scope2props["instance"] = scope2props["class"] + ("instance", )
scope2props["function"] = scope2props["instance"] + ("function", "keywords")
def scopeproperty(name=None, doc=None):
def decoratescope(func):
scopename = name or func.__name__
def provide(self):
if func.__name__ in scope2props[self.scope]:
return func(self)
raise AttributeError("%s not available in %s-scoped context" % (
scopename, self.scope))
return property(provide, None, None, func.__doc__)
return decoratescope
class FixtureRequest(FuncargnamesCompatAttr):
""" A request for a fixture from a test or fixture function.
A request object gives access to the requesting test context
and has an optional ``param`` attribute in case
the fixture is parametrized indirectly.
def __init__(self, pyfuncitem):
self._pyfuncitem = pyfuncitem
#: fixture for which this request is being performed
self.fixturename = None
#: Scope string, one of "function", "cls", "module", "session"
self.scope = "function"
self._funcargs = {}
self._fixturedefs = {}
fixtureinfo = pyfuncitem._fixtureinfo
self._arg2fixturedefs = fixtureinfo.name2fixturedefs.copy()
self._arg2index = {}
self.fixturenames = fixtureinfo.names_closure
self._fixturemanager = pyfuncitem.session._fixturemanager
def node(self):
""" underlying collection node (depends on current request scope)"""
return self._getscopeitem(self.scope)
def _getnextfixturedef(self, argname):
fixturedefs = self._arg2fixturedefs.get(argname, None)
if fixturedefs is None:
# we arrive here because of a a dynamic call to
# getfuncargvalue(argname) usage which was naturally
# not known at parsing/collection time
fixturedefs = self._fixturemanager.getfixturedefs(
argname, self._pyfuncitem.parent.nodeid)
self._arg2fixturedefs[argname] = fixturedefs
# fixturedefs list is immutable so we maintain a decreasing index
index = self._arg2index.get(argname, 0) - 1
if fixturedefs is None or (-index > len(fixturedefs)):
raise FixtureLookupError(argname, self)
self._arg2index[argname] = index
return fixturedefs[index]
def config(self):
""" the pytest config object associated with this request. """
return self._pyfuncitem.config
def function(self):
""" test function object if the request has a per-function scope. """
return self._pyfuncitem.obj
def cls(self):
""" class (can be None) where the test function was collected. """
clscol = self._pyfuncitem.getparent(pytest.Class)
if clscol:
return clscol.obj
def instance(self):
""" instance (can be None) on which test function was collected. """
# unittest support hack, see _pytest.unittest.TestCaseFunction
return self._pyfuncitem._testcase
except AttributeError:
function = getattr(self, "function", None)
if function is not None:
return py.builtin._getimself(function)
def module(self):
""" python module object where the test function was collected. """
return self._pyfuncitem.getparent(pytest.Module).obj
def fspath(self):
""" the file system path of the test module which collected this test. """
return self._pyfuncitem.fspath
def keywords(self):
""" keywords/markers dictionary for the underlying node. """
return self.node.keywords
def session(self):
""" pytest session object. """
return self._pyfuncitem.session
def addfinalizer(self, finalizer):
""" add finalizer/teardown function to be called after the
last test within the requesting test context finished
execution. """
# XXX usually this method is shadowed by fixturedef specific ones
self._addfinalizer(finalizer, scope=self.scope)
def _addfinalizer(self, finalizer, scope):
colitem = self._getscopeitem(scope)
finalizer=finalizer, colitem=colitem)
def applymarker(self, marker):
""" Apply a marker to a single test function invocation.
This method is useful if you don't want to have a keyword/marker
on all function invocations.
:arg marker: a :py:class:`_pytest.mark.MarkDecorator` object
created by a call to ``pytest.mark.NAME(...)``.
self.node.keywords[marker.markname] = marker
except AttributeError:
raise ValueError(marker)
def raiseerror(self, msg):
""" raise a FixtureLookupError with the given message. """
raise self._fixturemanager.FixtureLookupError(None, self, msg)
def _fillfixtures(self):
item = self._pyfuncitem
fixturenames = getattr(item, "fixturenames", self.fixturenames)
for argname in fixturenames:
if argname not in item.funcargs:
item.funcargs[argname] = self.getfuncargvalue(argname)
def cached_setup(self, setup, teardown=None, scope="module", extrakey=None):
""" (deprecated) Return a testing resource managed by ``setup`` &
``teardown`` calls. ``scope`` and ``extrakey`` determine when the
``teardown`` function will be called so that subsequent calls to
``setup`` would recreate the resource. With pytest-2.3 you often
do not need ``cached_setup()`` as you can directly declare a scope
on a fixture function and register a finalizer through
:arg teardown: function receiving a previously setup resource.
:arg setup: a no-argument function creating a resource.
:arg scope: a string value out of ``function``, ``class``, ``module``
or ``session`` indicating the caching lifecycle of the resource.
:arg extrakey: added to internal caching key of (funcargname, scope).
if not hasattr(self.config, '_setupcache'):
self.config._setupcache = {} # XXX weakref?
cachekey = (self.fixturename, self._getscopeitem(scope), extrakey)
cache = self.config._setupcache
val = cache[cachekey]
except KeyError:
self._check_scope(self.fixturename, self.scope, scope)
val = setup()
cache[cachekey] = val
if teardown is not None:
def finalizer():
del cache[cachekey]
self._addfinalizer(finalizer, scope=scope)
return val
def getfuncargvalue(self, argname):
""" Dynamically retrieve a named fixture function argument.
As of pytest-2.3, it is easier and usually better to access other
fixture values by stating it as an input argument in the fixture
function. If you only can decide about using another fixture at test
setup time, you may use this function to retrieve it inside a fixture
function body.
return self._get_active_fixturedef(argname).cached_result[0]
def _get_active_fixturedef(self, argname):
return self._fixturedefs[argname]
except KeyError:
fixturedef = self._getnextfixturedef(argname)
except FixtureLookupError:
if argname == "request":
class PseudoFixtureDef:
cached_result = (self, [0], None)
scope = "function"
return PseudoFixtureDef
# remove indent to prevent the python3 exception
# from leaking into the call
result = self._getfuncargvalue(fixturedef)
self._funcargs[argname] = result
self._fixturedefs[argname] = fixturedef
return fixturedef
def _get_fixturestack(self):
current = self
l = []
while 1:
fixturedef = getattr(current, "_fixturedef", None)
if fixturedef is None:
return l
current = current._parent_request
def _getfuncargvalue(self, fixturedef):
# prepare a subrequest object before calling fixture function
# (latter managed by fixturedef)
argname = fixturedef.argname
funcitem = self._pyfuncitem
scope = fixturedef.scope
param = funcitem.callspec.getparam(argname)
except (AttributeError, ValueError):
param = NOTSET
param_index = 0
# indices might not be set if old-style metafunc.addcall() was used
param_index = funcitem.callspec.indices.get(argname, 0)
# if a parametrize invocation set a scope it will override
# the static scope defined with the fixture function
paramscopenum = funcitem.callspec._arg2scopenum.get(argname)
if paramscopenum is not None:
scope = scopes[paramscopenum]
subrequest = SubRequest(self, scope, param, param_index, fixturedef)
# check if a higher-level scoped fixture accesses a lower level one
subrequest._check_scope(argname, self.scope, scope)
# clear sys.exc_info before invoking the fixture (python bug?)
# if its not explicitly cleared it will leak into the call
# call the fixture function
val = fixturedef.execute(request=subrequest)
# if fixture function failed it might have registered finalizers
return val
def _check_scope(self, argname, invoking_scope, requested_scope):
if argname == "request":
if scopemismatch(invoking_scope, requested_scope):
# try to report something helpful
lines = self._factorytraceback()"ScopeMismatch: You tried to access the %r scoped "
"fixture %r with a %r scoped request object, "
"involved factories\n%s" %(
(requested_scope, argname, invoking_scope, "\n".join(lines))),
def _factorytraceback(self):
lines = []
for fixturedef in self._get_fixturestack():
factory = fixturedef.func
fs, lineno = getfslineno(factory)
p = self._pyfuncitem.session.fspath.bestrelpath(fs)
args = _format_args(factory)
lines.append("%s:%d: def %s%s" %(
p, lineno, factory.__name__, args))
return lines
def _getscopeitem(self, scope):
if scope == "function":
# this might also be a non-function Item despite its attribute name
return self._pyfuncitem
node = get_scope_node(self._pyfuncitem, scope)
if node is None and scope == "class":
# fallback to function item itself
node = self._pyfuncitem
assert node
return node
def __repr__(self):
return "<FixtureRequest for %r>" %(self.node)
class SubRequest(FixtureRequest):
""" a sub request for handling getting a fixture from a
test function/fixture. """
def __init__(self, request, scope, param, param_index, fixturedef):
self._parent_request = request
self.fixturename = fixturedef.argname
if param is not NOTSET:
self.param = param
self.param_index = param_index
self.scope = scope
self._fixturedef = fixturedef
self.addfinalizer = fixturedef.addfinalizer
self._pyfuncitem = request._pyfuncitem
self._funcargs = request._funcargs
self._fixturedefs = request._fixturedefs
self._arg2fixturedefs = request._arg2fixturedefs
self._arg2index = request._arg2index
self.fixturenames = request.fixturenames
self._fixturemanager = request._fixturemanager
def __repr__(self):
return "<SubRequest %r for %r>" % (self.fixturename, self._pyfuncitem)
class ScopeMismatchError(Exception):
""" A fixture function tries to use a different fixture function which
which has a lower scope (e.g. a Session one calls a function one)
scopes = "session module class function".split()
scopenum_function = scopes.index("function")
def scopemismatch(currentscope, newscope):
return scopes.index(newscope) > scopes.index(currentscope)
class FixtureLookupError(LookupError):
""" could not return a requested Fixture (missing or invalid). """
def __init__(self, argname, request, msg=None):
self.argname = argname
self.request = request
self.fixturestack = request._get_fixturestack()
self.msg = msg
def formatrepr(self):
tblines = []
addline = tblines.append
stack = [self.request._pyfuncitem.obj]
stack.extend(map(lambda x: x.func, self.fixturestack))
msg = self.msg
if msg is not None:
# the last fixture raise an error, let's present
# it at the requesting side
stack = stack[:-1]
for function in stack:
fspath, lineno = getfslineno(function)
lines, _ = inspect.getsourcelines(get_real_func(function))
except (IOError, IndexError):
error_msg = "file %s, line %s: source code not available"
addline(error_msg % (fspath, lineno+1))
addline("file %s, line %s" % (fspath, lineno+1))
for i, line in enumerate(lines):
line = line.rstrip()
addline(" " + line)
if line.lstrip().startswith('def'):
if msg is None:
fm = self.request._fixturemanager
available = []
for name, fixturedef in fm._arg2fixturedefs.items():
parentid = self.request._pyfuncitem.parent.nodeid
faclist = list(fm._matchfactories(fixturedef, parentid))
if faclist:
msg = "fixture %r not found" % (self.argname,)
msg += "\n available fixtures: %s" %(", ".join(available),)
msg += "\n use 'py.test --fixtures [testpath]' for help on them."
return FixtureLookupErrorRepr(fspath, lineno, tblines, msg, self.argname)
class FixtureLookupErrorRepr(TerminalRepr):
def __init__(self, filename, firstlineno, tblines, errorstring, argname):
self.tblines = tblines
self.errorstring = errorstring
self.filename = filename
self.firstlineno = firstlineno
self.argname = argname
def toterminal(self, tw):
#tw.line("FixtureLookupError: %s" %(self.argname), red=True)
for tbline in self.tblines:
for line in self.errorstring.split("\n"):
tw.line(" " + line.strip(), red=True)
tw.line("%s:%d" % (self.filename, self.firstlineno+1))
class FixtureManager:
pytest fixtures definitions and information is stored and managed
from this class.
During collection fm.parsefactories() is called multiple times to parse
fixture function definitions into FixtureDef objects and internal
data structures.
During collection of test functions, metafunc-mechanics instantiate
a FuncFixtureInfo object which is cached per node/func-name.
This FuncFixtureInfo object is later retrieved by Function nodes
which themselves offer a fixturenames attribute.
The FuncFixtureInfo object holds information about fixtures and FixtureDefs
relevant for a particular function. An initial list of fixtures is
assembled like this:
- ini-defined usefixtures
- autouse-marked fixtures along the collection chain up from the function
- usefixtures markers at module/class/function level
- test function funcargs
Subsequently the funcfixtureinfo.fixturenames attribute is computed
as the closure of the fixtures needed to setup the initial fixtures,
i. e. fixtures needed by fixture functions themselves are appended
to the fixturenames list.
Upon the test-setup phases all fixturenames are instantiated, retrieved
by a lookup of their FuncFixtureInfo.
_argprefix = "pytest_funcarg__"
FixtureLookupError = FixtureLookupError
FixtureLookupErrorRepr = FixtureLookupErrorRepr
def __init__(self, session):
self.session = session
self.config = session.config
self._arg2fixturedefs = {}
self._holderobjseen = set()
self._arg2finish = {}
self._nodeid_and_autousenames = [("", self.config.getini("usefixtures"))]
session.config.pluginmanager.register(self, "funcmanage")
def getfixtureinfo(self, node, func, cls, funcargs=True):
if funcargs and not hasattr(node, "nofuncargs"):
if cls is not None:
startindex = 1
startindex = None
argnames = getfuncargnames(func, startindex)
argnames = ()
usefixtures = getattr(func, "usefixtures", None)
initialnames = argnames
if usefixtures is not None:
initialnames = usefixtures.args + initialnames
fm = node.session._fixturemanager
names_closure, arg2fixturedefs = fm.getfixtureclosure(initialnames,
return FuncFixtureInfo(argnames, names_closure, arg2fixturedefs)
def pytest_plugin_registered(self, plugin):
nodeid = None
p = py.path.local(plugin.__file__)
except AttributeError:
# construct the base nodeid which is later used to check
# what fixtures are visible for particular tests (as denoted
# by their test id)
if p.basename.startswith(""):
nodeid = p.dirpath().relto(self.config.rootdir)
if p.sep != "/":
nodeid = nodeid.replace(p.sep, "/")
self.parsefactories(plugin, nodeid)
def _getautousenames(self, nodeid):
""" return a tuple of fixture names to be used. """
autousenames = []
for baseid, basenames in self._nodeid_and_autousenames:
if nodeid.startswith(baseid):
if baseid:
i = len(baseid)
nextchar = nodeid[i:i+1]
if nextchar and nextchar not in ":/":
# make sure autousenames are sorted by scope, scopenum 0 is session
key=lambda x: self._arg2fixturedefs[x][-1].scopenum)
return autousenames
def getfixtureclosure(self, fixturenames, parentnode):
# collect the closure of all fixtures , starting with the given
# fixturenames as the initial set. As we have to visit all
# factory definitions anyway, we also return a arg2fixturedefs
# mapping so that the caller can reuse it and does not have
# to re-discover fixturedefs again for each fixturename
# (discovering matching fixtures for a given name/node is expensive)
parentid = parentnode.nodeid
fixturenames_closure = self._getautousenames(parentid)
def merge(otherlist):
for arg in otherlist:
if arg not in fixturenames_closure:
arg2fixturedefs = {}
lastlen = -1
while lastlen != len(fixturenames_closure):
lastlen = len(fixturenames_closure)
for argname in fixturenames_closure:
if argname in arg2fixturedefs:
fixturedefs = self.getfixturedefs(argname, parentid)
if fixturedefs:
arg2fixturedefs[argname] = fixturedefs
return fixturenames_closure, arg2fixturedefs
def pytest_generate_tests(self, metafunc):
for argname in metafunc.fixturenames:
faclist = metafunc._arg2fixturedefs.get(argname)
if faclist:
fixturedef = faclist[-1]
if fixturedef.params is not None:
func_params = getattr(getattr(metafunc.function, 'parametrize', None), 'args', [[None]])
# skip directly parametrized arguments
argnames = func_params[0]
if not isinstance(argnames, (tuple, list)):
argnames = [x.strip() for x in argnames.split(",") if x.strip()]
if argname not in func_params and argname not in argnames:
metafunc.parametrize(argname, fixturedef.params,
indirect=True, scope=fixturedef.scope,
continue # will raise FixtureLookupError at setup time
def pytest_collection_modifyitems(self, items):
# separate parametrized setups
items[:] = reorder_items(items)
def parsefactories(self, node_or_obj, nodeid=NOTSET, unittest=False):
if nodeid is not NOTSET:
holderobj = node_or_obj
holderobj = node_or_obj.obj
nodeid = node_or_obj.nodeid
if holderobj in self._holderobjseen:
autousenames = []
for name in dir(holderobj):
obj = getattr(holderobj, name, None)
# fixture functions have a pytest_funcarg__ prefix (pre-2.3 style)
# or are "@pytest.fixture" marked
marker = getfixturemarker(obj)
if marker is None:
if not name.startswith(self._argprefix):
if not callable(obj):
marker = defaultfuncargprefixmarker
name = name[len(self._argprefix):]
elif not isinstance(marker, FixtureFunctionMarker):
# magic globals with __getattr__ might have got us a wrong
# fixture attribute
assert not name.startswith(self._argprefix)
fixturedef = FixtureDef(self, nodeid, name, obj,
marker.scope, marker.params,
unittest=unittest, ids=marker.ids)
faclist = self._arg2fixturedefs.setdefault(name, [])
if fixturedef.has_location:
# fixturedefs with no location are at the front
# so this inserts the current fixturedef after the
# existing fixturedefs from external plugins but
# before the fixturedefs provided in conftests.
i = len([f for f in faclist if not f.has_location])
faclist.insert(i, fixturedef)
if marker.autouse:
if autousenames:
self._nodeid_and_autousenames.append((nodeid or '', autousenames))
def getfixturedefs(self, argname, nodeid):
fixturedefs = self._arg2fixturedefs[argname]
except KeyError:
return None
return tuple(self._matchfactories(fixturedefs, nodeid))
def _matchfactories(self, fixturedefs, nodeid):
for fixturedef in fixturedefs:
if nodeid.startswith(fixturedef.baseid):
yield fixturedef
def fail_fixturefunc(fixturefunc, msg):
fs, lineno = getfslineno(fixturefunc)
location = "%s:%s" % (fs, lineno+1)
source = _pytest._code.Source(fixturefunc) + ":\n\n" + str(source.indent()) + "\n" + location,
def call_fixture_func(fixturefunc, request, kwargs, yieldctx):
if yieldctx:
if not is_generator(fixturefunc):
msg="yield_fixture requires yield statement in function")
iter = fixturefunc(**kwargs)
next = getattr(iter, "__next__", None)
if next is None:
next = getattr(iter, "next")
res = next()
def teardown():
except StopIteration:
"yield_fixture function has more than one 'yield'")
if is_generator(fixturefunc):
msg="pytest.fixture functions cannot use ``yield``. "
"Instead write and return an inner function/generator "
"and let the consumer call and iterate over it.")
res = fixturefunc(**kwargs)
return res
class FixtureDef:
""" A container for a factory definition. """
def __init__(self, fixturemanager, baseid, argname, func, scope, params,
yieldctx, unittest=False, ids=None):
self._fixturemanager = fixturemanager
self.baseid = baseid or ''
self.has_location = baseid is not None
self.func = func
self.argname = argname
self.scope = scope
self.scopenum = scopes.index(scope or "function")
self.params = params
startindex = unittest and 1 or None
self.argnames = getfuncargnames(func, startindex=startindex)
self.yieldctx = yieldctx
self.unittest = unittest
self.ids = ids
self._finalizer = []
def addfinalizer(self, finalizer):
def finish(self):
while self._finalizer:
func = self._finalizer.pop()
# even if finalization fails, we invalidate
# the cached fixture value
if hasattr(self, "cached_result"):
del self.cached_result
def execute(self, request):
# get required arguments and register our own finish()
# with their finalization
kwargs = {}
for argname in self.argnames:
fixturedef = request._get_active_fixturedef(argname)
result, arg_cache_key, exc = fixturedef.cached_result
request._check_scope(argname, request.scope, fixturedef.scope)
kwargs[argname] = result
if argname != "request":
my_cache_key = request.param_index
cached_result = getattr(self, "cached_result", None)
if cached_result is not None:
result, cache_key, err = cached_result
if my_cache_key == cache_key:
if err is not None:
return result
# we have a previous but differently parametrized fixture instance
# so we need to tear it down before creating a new one
assert not hasattr(self, "cached_result")
fixturefunc = self.func
if self.unittest:
if request.instance is not None:
# bind the unbound method to the TestCase instance
fixturefunc = self.func.__get__(request.instance)
# the fixture function needs to be bound to the actual
# request.instance so that code working with "self" behaves
# as expected.
if request.instance is not None:
fixturefunc = getimfunc(self.func)
if fixturefunc != self.func:
fixturefunc = fixturefunc.__get__(request.instance)
result = call_fixture_func(fixturefunc, request, kwargs,
except Exception:
self.cached_result = (None, my_cache_key, sys.exc_info())
self.cached_result = (result, my_cache_key, None)
return result
def __repr__(self):
return ("<FixtureDef name=%r scope=%r baseid=%r >" %
(self.argname, self.scope, self.baseid))
def num_mock_patch_args(function):
""" return number of arguments used up by mock arguments (if any) """
patchings = getattr(function, "patchings", None)
if not patchings:
return 0
mock = sys.modules.get("mock", sys.modules.get("unittest.mock", None))
if mock is not None:
return len([p for p in patchings
if not p.attribute_name and is mock.DEFAULT])
return len(patchings)
def getfuncargnames(function, startindex=None):
# XXX merge with's varnames
#assert not isclass(function)
realfunction = function
while hasattr(realfunction, "__wrapped__"):
realfunction = realfunction.__wrapped__
if startindex is None:
startindex = inspect.ismethod(function) and 1 or 0
if realfunction != function:
startindex += num_mock_patch_args(function)
function = realfunction
if isinstance(function, functools.partial):
argnames = inspect.getargs(_pytest._code.getrawcode(function.func))[0]
partial = function
argnames = argnames[len(partial.args):]
if partial.keywords:
for kw in partial.keywords:
argnames = inspect.getargs(_pytest._code.getrawcode(function))[0]
defaults = getattr(function, 'func_defaults',
getattr(function, '__defaults__', None)) or ()
numdefaults = len(defaults)
if numdefaults:
return tuple(argnames[startindex:-numdefaults])
return tuple(argnames[startindex:])
# algorithm for sorting on a per-parametrized resource setup basis
# it is called for scopenum==0 (session) first and performs sorting
# down to the lower scopes such as to minimize number of "high scope"
# setups and teardowns
def reorder_items(items):
argkeys_cache = {}
for scopenum in range(0, scopenum_function):
argkeys_cache[scopenum] = d = {}
for item in items:
keys = set(get_parametrized_fixture_keys(item, scopenum))
if keys:
d[item] = keys
return reorder_items_atscope(items, set(), argkeys_cache, 0)
def reorder_items_atscope(items, ignore, argkeys_cache, scopenum):
if scopenum >= scopenum_function or len(items) < 3:
return items
items_done = []
while 1:
items_before, items_same, items_other, newignore = \
slice_items(items, ignore, argkeys_cache[scopenum])
items_before = reorder_items_atscope(
items_before, ignore, argkeys_cache,scopenum+1)
if items_same is None:
# nothing to reorder in this scope
assert items_other is None
return items_done + items_before
items = items_same + items_other
ignore = newignore
def slice_items(items, ignore, scoped_argkeys_cache):
# we pick the first item which uses a fixture instance in the
# requested scope and which we haven't seen yet. We slice the input
# items list into a list of items_nomatch, items_same and
# items_other
if scoped_argkeys_cache: # do we need to do work at all?
it = iter(items)
# first find a slicing key
for i, item in enumerate(it):
argkeys = scoped_argkeys_cache.get(item)
if argkeys is not None:
argkeys = argkeys.difference(ignore)
if argkeys: # found a slicing key
slicing_argkey = argkeys.pop()
items_before = items[:i]
items_same = [item]
items_other = []
# now slice the remainder of the list
for item in it:
argkeys = scoped_argkeys_cache.get(item)
if argkeys and slicing_argkey in argkeys and \
slicing_argkey not in ignore:
newignore = ignore.copy()
return (items_before, items_same, items_other, newignore)
return items, None, None, None
def get_parametrized_fixture_keys(item, scopenum):
""" return list of keys for all parametrized arguments which match
the specified scope. """
assert scopenum < scopenum_function # function
cs = item.callspec
except AttributeError:
# cs.indictes.items() is random order of argnames but
# then again different functions (items) can change order of
# arguments so it doesn't matter much probably
for argname, param_index in cs.indices.items():
if cs._arg2scopenum[argname] != scopenum:
if scopenum == 0: # session
key = (argname, param_index)
elif scopenum == 1: # module
key = (argname, param_index, item.fspath)
elif scopenum == 2: # class
key = (argname, param_index, item.fspath, item.cls)
yield key
def xunitsetup(obj, name):
meth = getattr(obj, name, None)
if getfixturemarker(meth) is None:
return meth
def getfixturemarker(obj):
""" return fixturemarker or None if it doesn't exist or raised
return getattr(obj, "_pytestfixturefunction", None)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
except Exception:
# some objects raise errors like request (from flask import request)
# we don't expect them to be fixture functions
return None
scopename2class = {
'class': Class,
'module': Module,
'function': pytest.Item,
def get_scope_node(node, scope):
cls = scopename2class.get(scope)
if cls is None:
if scope == "session":
return node.session
raise ValueError("unknown scope")
return node.getparent(cls)