blob: e13ec413b10d6459460fa5557cf3e263095c3ac0 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! DEPRECATED !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
// Please don't introduce new instances of LazyInstance<T>. Use a function-local
// static of type base::NoDestructor<T> instead:
// Factory& Factory::GetInstance() {
// static base::NoDestructor<Factory> instance;
// return *instance;
// }
// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
// The LazyInstance<Type, Traits> class manages a single instance of Type,
// which will be lazily created on the first time it's accessed. This class is
// useful for places you would normally use a function-level static, but you
// need to have guaranteed thread-safety. The Type constructor will only ever
// be called once, even if two threads are racing to create the object. Get()
// and Pointer() will always return the same, completely initialized instance.
// When the instance is constructed it is registered with AtExitManager. The
// destructor will be called on program exit.
// LazyInstance is completely thread safe, assuming that you create it safely.
// The class was designed to be POD initialized, so it shouldn't require a
// static constructor. It really only makes sense to declare a LazyInstance as
// a global variable using the LAZY_INSTANCE_INITIALIZER initializer.
// LazyInstance is similar to Singleton, except it does not have the singleton
// property. You can have multiple LazyInstance's of the same type, and each
// will manage a unique instance. It also preallocates the space for Type, as
// to avoid allocating the Type instance on the heap. This may help with the
// performance of creating the instance, and reducing heap fragmentation. This
// requires that Type be a complete type so we can determine the size.
// Example usage:
// static LazyInstance<MyClass>::Leaky inst = LAZY_INSTANCE_INITIALIZER;
// void SomeMethod() {
// inst.Get().SomeMethod(); // MyClass::SomeMethod()
// MyClass* ptr = inst.Pointer();
// ptr->DoDoDo(); // MyClass::DoDoDo
// }
#include <new> // For placement new.
#include "base/atomicops.h"
#include "base/debug/leak_annotations.h"
#include "base/lazy_instance_helpers.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/threading/thread_restrictions.h"
// LazyInstance uses its own struct initializer-list style static
// initialization, which does not require a constructor.
namespace base {
template <typename Type>
struct LazyInstanceTraitsBase {
static Type* New(void* instance) {
DCHECK_EQ(reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(instance) & (alignof(Type) - 1), 0u);
// Use placement new to initialize our instance in our preallocated space.
// The parenthesis is very important here to force POD type initialization.
return new (instance) Type();
static void CallDestructor(Type* instance) {
// Explicitly call the destructor.
// We pull out some of the functionality into non-templated functions, so we
// can implement the more complicated pieces out of line in the .cc file.
namespace internal {
// This traits class causes destruction the contained Type at process exit via
// AtExitManager. This is probably generally not what you want. Instead, prefer
// Leaky below.
template <typename Type>
struct DestructorAtExitLazyInstanceTraits {
static const bool kRegisterOnExit = true;
static const bool kAllowedToAccessOnNonjoinableThread = false;
static Type* New(void* instance) {
return LazyInstanceTraitsBase<Type>::New(instance);
static void Delete(Type* instance) {
// Use LazyInstance<T>::Leaky for a less-verbose call-site typedef; e.g.:
// base::LazyInstance<T>::Leaky my_leaky_lazy_instance;
// instead of:
// base::LazyInstance<T, base::internal::LeakyLazyInstanceTraits<T> >
// my_leaky_lazy_instance;
// (especially when T is MyLongTypeNameImplClientHolderFactory).
// Only use this internal::-qualified verbose form to extend this traits class
// (depending on its implementation details).
template <typename Type>
struct LeakyLazyInstanceTraits {
static const bool kRegisterOnExit = false;
static const bool kAllowedToAccessOnNonjoinableThread = true;
static Type* New(void* instance) {
return LazyInstanceTraitsBase<Type>::New(instance);
static void Delete(Type* /*instance*/) {}
template <typename Type>
struct ErrorMustSelectLazyOrDestructorAtExitForLazyInstance {};
} // namespace internal
template <
typename Type,
typename Traits =
class LazyInstance {
// Do not define a destructor, as doing so makes LazyInstance a
// non-POD-struct. We don't want that because then a static initializer will
// be created to register the (empty) destructor with atexit() under MSVC, for
// example. We handle destruction of the contained Type class explicitly via
// the OnExit member function, where needed.
// ~LazyInstance() {}
// Convenience typedef to avoid having to repeat Type for leaky lazy
// instances.
typedef LazyInstance<Type, internal::LeakyLazyInstanceTraits<Type>> Leaky;
typedef LazyInstance<Type, internal::DestructorAtExitLazyInstanceTraits<Type>>
Type& Get() {
return *Pointer();
Type* Pointer() {
if (!Traits::kAllowedToAccessOnNonjoinableThread)
return subtle::GetOrCreateLazyPointer(
&private_instance_, &Traits::New, private_buf_,
Traits::kRegisterOnExit ? OnExit : nullptr, this);
// Returns true if the lazy instance has been created. Unlike Get() and
// Pointer(), calling IsCreated() will not instantiate the object of Type.
bool IsCreated() {
// Return true (i.e. "created") if |private_instance_| is either being
// created right now (i.e. |private_instance_| has value of
// internal::kLazyInstanceStateCreating) or was already created (i.e.
// |private_instance_| has any other non-zero value).
return 0 != subtle::NoBarrier_Load(&private_instance_);
// MSVC gives a warning that the alignment expands the size of the
// LazyInstance struct to make the size a multiple of the alignment. This
// is expected in this case.
#if defined(OS_WIN)
#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable: 4324)
// Effectively private: member data is only public to allow the linker to
// statically initialize it and to maintain a POD class. DO NOT USE FROM
subtle::AtomicWord private_instance_;
// Preallocated space for the Type instance.
alignas(Type) char private_buf_[sizeof(Type)];
#if defined(OS_WIN)
#pragma warning(pop)
Type* instance() {
return reinterpret_cast<Type*>(subtle::NoBarrier_Load(&private_instance_));
// Adapter function for use with AtExit. This should be called single
// threaded, so don't synchronize across threads.
// Calling OnExit while the instance is in use by other threads is a mistake.
static void OnExit(void* lazy_instance) {
LazyInstance<Type, Traits>* me =
reinterpret_cast<LazyInstance<Type, Traits>*>(lazy_instance);
subtle::NoBarrier_Store(&me->private_instance_, 0);
} // namespace base