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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
* file, You can obtain one at */
/* Typed temporary pointers for reference-counted smart pointers. */
#ifndef AlreadyAddRefed_h
#define AlreadyAddRefed_h
#include "mozilla/Assertions.h"
#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"
#include "mozilla/Move.h"
namespace mozilla {
struct unused_t;
} // namespace mozilla
* already_AddRefed cooperates with reference counting smart pointers to enable
* you to assign in a pointer _without_ |AddRef|ing it. You might want to use
* this as a return type from a function that returns an already |AddRef|ed
* pointer.
* TODO Move already_AddRefed to namespace mozilla. This has not yet been done
* because of the sheer number of usages of already_AddRefed.
template<class T>
struct MOZ_MUST_USE MOZ_NON_AUTOABLE already_AddRefed
* We want to allow returning nullptr from functions returning
* already_AddRefed<T>, for simplicity. But we also don't want to allow
* returning raw T*, instead preferring creation of already_AddRefed<T> from
* a reference counting smart pointer.
* We address the latter requirement by making the (T*) constructor explicit.
* But |return nullptr| won't consider an explicit constructor, so we need
* another constructor to handle it. Plain old (decltype(nullptr)) doesn't
* cut it, because if nullptr is emulated as __null (with type int or long),
* passing nullptr to an int/long parameter triggers compiler warnings. We
* need a type that no one can pass accidentally; a pointer-to-member-function
* (where no such function exists) does the trick nicely.
* That handles the return-value case. What about for locals, argument types,
* and so on? |already_AddRefed<T>(nullptr)| considers both overloads (and
* the (already_AddRefed<T>&&) overload as well!), so there's an ambiguity.
* We can target true nullptr using decltype(nullptr), but we can't target
* emulated nullptr the same way, because passing __null to an int/long
* parameter triggers compiler warnings. So just give up on this, and provide
* this behavior through the default constructor.
* We can revert to simply explicit (T*) and implicit (decltype(nullptr)) when
* nullptr no longer needs to be emulated to support the ancient b2g compiler.
* (The () overload could also be removed, if desired, if we changed callers.)
already_AddRefed() : mRawPtr(nullptr) {}
// The return and argument types here are arbitrarily selected so no
// corresponding member function exists.
typedef void (already_AddRefed::* MatchNullptr)(double, float);
MOZ_IMPLICIT already_AddRefed(MatchNullptr aRawPtr) : mRawPtr(nullptr) {}
explicit already_AddRefed(T* aRawPtr) : mRawPtr(aRawPtr) {}
// Disallow copy constructor and copy assignment operator: move semantics used instead.
already_AddRefed(const already_AddRefed<T>& aOther) = delete;
already_AddRefed<T>& operator=(const already_AddRefed<T>& aOther) = delete;
already_AddRefed(already_AddRefed<T>&& aOther) : mRawPtr(aOther.take()) {}
already_AddRefed<T>& operator=(already_AddRefed<T>&& aOther)
mRawPtr = aOther.take();
return *this;
* This helper is useful in cases like
* already_AddRefed<BaseClass>
* Foo()
* {
* RefPtr<SubClass> x = ...;
* return x.forget();
* }
* The autoconversion allows one to omit the idiom
* RefPtr<BaseClass> y = x.forget();
* return y.forget();
* Note that nsRefPtr is the XPCOM reference counting smart pointer class.
template <typename U>
MOZ_IMPLICIT already_AddRefed(already_AddRefed<U>&& aOther) : mRawPtr(aOther.take()) {}
~already_AddRefed() { MOZ_ASSERT(!mRawPtr); }
// Specialize the unused operator<< for already_AddRefed, to allow
// nsCOMPtr<nsIFoo> foo;
// Unused << foo.forget();
// Note that nsCOMPtr is the XPCOM reference counting smart pointer class.
friend void operator<<(const mozilla::unused_t& aUnused,
const already_AddRefed<T>& aRhs)
auto mutableAlreadyAddRefed = const_cast<already_AddRefed<T>*>(&aRhs);
aUnused << mutableAlreadyAddRefed->take();
T* rawPtr = mRawPtr;
mRawPtr = nullptr;
return rawPtr;
* This helper provides a static_cast replacement for already_AddRefed, so
* if you have
* already_AddRefed<Parent> F();
* you can write
* already_AddRefed<Child>
* G()
* {
* return F().downcast<Child>();
* }
template<class U>
already_AddRefed<U> downcast()
U* tmp = static_cast<U*>(mRawPtr);
mRawPtr = nullptr;
return already_AddRefed<U>(tmp);
#endif // AlreadyAddRefed_h