blob: df1f28f3ec15f73c9658f5a66a10161b61da5d9c [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
// NOTE: based loosely on mozilla's nsDataChannel.cpp
#include <algorithm>
#include "net/base/data_url.h"
#include "base/base64.h"
#include "base/stl_util.h"
#include "base/strings/string_piece.h"
#include "base/strings/string_split.h"
#include "base/strings/string_util.h"
#include "net/base/escape.h"
#include "net/base/mime_util.h"
#include "net/http/http_util.h"
#include "url/gurl.h"
namespace net {
// static
bool DataURL::Parse(const GURL& url,
std::string* mime_type,
std::string* charset,
std::string* data) {
if (!url.is_valid())
return false;
std::string::const_iterator begin = url.spec().begin();
std::string::const_iterator end = url.spec().end();
std::string::const_iterator after_colon = std::find(begin, end, ':');
if (after_colon == end)
return false;
std::string::const_iterator comma = std::find(after_colon, end, ',');
if (comma == end)
return false;
std::vector<base::StringPiece> meta_data =
base::SplitStringPiece(base::StringPiece(after_colon, comma), ";",
auto iter = meta_data.cbegin();
if (iter != meta_data.cend()) {
*mime_type = base::ToLowerASCII(*iter);
static constexpr base::StringPiece kBase64Tag("base64");
static constexpr base::StringPiece kCharsetTag("charset=");
bool base64_encoded = false;
for (; iter != meta_data.cend(); ++iter) {
if (!base64_encoded && *iter == kBase64Tag) {
base64_encoded = true;
} else if (charset->empty() &&
base::StartsWith(*iter, kCharsetTag,
base::CompareCase::SENSITIVE)) {
*charset = std::string(iter->substr(kCharsetTag.size()));
// The grammar for charset is not specially defined in RFC2045 and
// RFC2397. It just needs to be a token.
if (!HttpUtil::IsToken(*charset))
return false;
if (mime_type->empty()) {
// Fallback to the default if nothing specified in the mediatype part as
// specified in RFC2045. As specified in RFC2397, we use |charset| even if
// |mime_type| is empty.
if (charset->empty())
} else if (!ParseMimeTypeWithoutParameter(*mime_type, NULL, NULL)) {
// Fallback to the default as recommended in RFC2045 when the mediatype
// value is invalid. For this case, we don't respect |charset| but force it
// set to "US-ASCII".
// The caller may not be interested in receiving the data.
if (!data)
return true;
// Preserve spaces if dealing with text or xml input, same as mozilla:
// but strip them otherwise:
// (Spaces in a data URL should be escaped, which is handled below, so any
// spaces now are wrong. People expect to be able to enter them in the URL
// bar for text, and it can't hurt, so we allow it.)
std::string temp_data = std::string(comma + 1, end);
// For base64, we may have url-escaped whitespace which is not part
// of the data, and should be stripped. Otherwise, the escaped whitespace
// could be part of the payload, so don't strip it.
if (base64_encoded)
UnescapeBinaryURLComponent(temp_data, &temp_data);
// Strip whitespace.
if (base64_encoded || !(mime_type->compare(0, 5, "text/") == 0 ||
mime_type->find("xml") != std::string::npos)) {
base::EraseIf(temp_data, base::IsAsciiWhitespace<wchar_t>);
if (!base64_encoded)
UnescapeBinaryURLComponent(temp_data, &temp_data);
if (base64_encoded) {
size_t length = temp_data.length();
size_t padding_needed = 4 - (length % 4);
// If the input wasn't padded, then we pad it as necessary until we have a
// length that is a multiple of 4 as required by our decoder. We don't
// correct if the input was incorrectly padded. If |padding_needed| == 3,
// then the input isn't well formed and decoding will fail with or without
// padding.
if ((padding_needed == 1 || padding_needed == 2) &&
temp_data[length - 1] != '=') {
temp_data.resize(length + padding_needed, '=');
return base::Base64Decode(temp_data, data);
return true;
} // namespace net