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// Copyright 2017 The Crashpad Authors. All rights reserved.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
#include <string>
#include <vector>
namespace crashpad {
//! \brief Executes a (grand-)child process.
//! The grandchild process will be started through the
//! double-`fork()`-and-`execv()` pattern. This allows the grandchild to fully
//! disassociate from the parent. The grandchild will not be a member of the
//! parent’s process group or session and will not have a controlling terminal,
//! providing isolation from signals not intended for it. The grandchild’s
//! parent process, in terms of the process tree hierarchy, will be the process
//! with process ID 1, relieving any other process of the responsibility to reap
//! it via `waitpid()`. Aside from the three file descriptors associated with
//! the standard input/output streams and any file descriptor passed in \a
//! preserve_fd, the grandchild will not inherit any file descriptors from the
//! parent process.
//! \param[in] argv The argument vector to start the grandchild process with.
//! `argv[0]` is used as the path to the executable.
//! \param[in] envp A vector of environment variables of the form `var=value` to
//! be passed to `execve()`. If this value is `nullptr`, the current
//! environment is used.
//! \param[in] preserve_fd A file descriptor to be inherited by the grandchild
//! process. This file descriptor is inherited in addition to the three file
//! descriptors associated with the standard input/output streams. Use `-1`
//! if no additional file descriptors are to be inherited.
//! \param[in] use_path Whether to consult the `PATH` environment variable when
//! requested to start an executable at a non-absolute path. If `false`,
//! `execv()`, which does not consult `PATH`, will be used. If `true`,
//! `execvp()`, which does consult `PATH`, will be used.
//! \param[in] child_function If not `nullptr`, this function will be called in
//! the intermediate child process, prior to the second `fork()`. Take note
//! that this function will run in the context of a forked process, and must
//! be safe for that purpose.
//! Setting both \a envp to a value other than `nullptr` and \a use_path to
//! `true` is not currently supported.
//! \return `true` on success, and `false` on failure with a message logged.
//! Only failures that occur in the parent process that indicate a definite
//! failure to start the the grandchild are reported in the return value.
//! Failures in the intermediate child or grandchild processes cannot be
//! reported in the return value, and are addressed by logging a message and
//! terminating. The caller assumes the responsibility for detecting such
//! failures, for example, by observing a failure to perform a successful
//! handshake with the grandchild process.
bool DoubleForkAndExec(const std::vector<std::string>& argv,
const std::vector<std::string>* envp,
int preserve_fd,
bool use_path,
void (*child_function)());
} // namespace crashpad