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# Copyright 2015 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Google OAuth2 related functions."""
import BaseHTTPServer
import collections
import datetime
import functools
import json
import logging
import optparse
import os
import socket
import sys
import threading
import urllib
import urlparse
import webbrowser
from third_party import httplib2
from third_party.oauth2client import client
from third_party.oauth2client import multistore_file
# depot_tools/.
DEPOT_TOOLS_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
# Google OAuth2 clients always have a secret, even if the client is an installed
# application/utility such as this. Of course, in such cases the "secret" is
# actually publicly known; security depends entirely on the secrecy of refresh
# tokens, which effectively become bearer tokens. An attacker can impersonate
# service's identity in OAuth2 flow. But that's generally fine as long as a list
# of allowed redirect_uri's associated with client_id is limited to 'localhost'
# or 'urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob'. In that case attacker needs some process
# running on user's machine to successfully complete the flow and grab refresh
# token. When you have a malicious code running on your machine, you're screwed
# anyway.
# This particular set is managed by API Console project "chrome-infra-auth".
OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET = 'uBfbay2KCy9t4QveJ-dOqHtp'
# List of space separated OAuth scopes for generated tokens. GAE apps usually
# use scope for authentication.
# Path to a file with cached OAuth2 credentials used by default. It should be
# a safe location accessible only to a current user: knowing content of this
# file is roughly equivalent to knowing account password. Single file can hold
# multiple independent tokens identified by token_cache_key (see Authenticator).
OAUTH_TOKENS_CACHE = os.path.join(
os.path.expanduser('~'), '.depot_tools_oauth2_tokens')
# Authentication configuration extracted from command line options.
# See doc string for 'make_auth_config' for meaning of fields.
AuthConfig = collections.namedtuple('AuthConfig', [
'use_oauth2', # deprecated, will be always True
'save_cookies', # deprecated, will be removed
# OAuth access token with its expiration time (UTC datetime or None if unknown).
AccessToken = collections.namedtuple('AccessToken', [
class AuthenticationError(Exception):
"""Raised on errors related to authentication."""
class LoginRequiredError(AuthenticationError):
"""Interaction with the user is required to authenticate."""
def __init__(self, token_cache_key):
# HACK(vadimsh): It is assumed here that the token cache key is a hostname.
msg = (
'You are not logged in. Please login first by running:\n'
' depot-tools-auth login %s' % token_cache_key)
super(LoginRequiredError, self).__init__(msg)
def make_auth_config(
"""Returns new instance of AuthConfig.
If some config option is None, it will be set to a reasonable default value.
This function also acts as an authoritative place for default values of
corresponding command line options.
default = lambda val, d: val if val is not None else d
return AuthConfig(
default(use_oauth2, _should_use_oauth2()),
default(save_cookies, True),
default(use_local_webserver, not _is_headless()),
default(webserver_port, 8090))
def add_auth_options(parser, default_config=None):
"""Appends OAuth related options to OptionParser."""
default_config = default_config or make_auth_config()
parser.auth_group = optparse.OptionGroup(parser, 'Auth options')
# OAuth2 vs password switch.
auth_default = 'use OAuth2' if default_config.use_oauth2 else 'use password'
help='Use OAuth 2.0 instead of a password. [default: %s]' % auth_default)
help='Use password instead of OAuth 2.0. [default: %s]' % auth_default)
# Password related options, deprecated.
help='Do not save authentication cookies to local disk.')
# OAuth2 related options.
help='Do not run a local web server when performing OAuth2 login flow.')
help='Port a local web server should listen on. Used only if '
'--auth-no-local-webserver is not set. [default: %default]')
def extract_auth_config_from_options(options):
"""Given OptionParser parsed options, extracts AuthConfig from it.
OptionParser should be populated with auth options by 'add_auth_options'.
return make_auth_config(
save_cookies=False if options.use_oauth2 else options.save_cookies,
def auth_config_to_command_options(auth_config):
"""AuthConfig -> list of strings with command line options.
Omits options that are set to default values.
if not auth_config:
return []
defaults = make_auth_config()
opts = []
if auth_config.use_oauth2 != defaults.use_oauth2:
opts.append('--oauth2' if auth_config.use_oauth2 else '--no-oauth2')
if auth_config.save_cookies != auth_config.save_cookies:
if not auth_config.save_cookies:
if auth_config.use_local_webserver != defaults.use_local_webserver:
if not auth_config.use_local_webserver:
if auth_config.webserver_port != defaults.webserver_port:
opts.extend(['--auth-host-port', str(auth_config.webserver_port)])
return opts
def get_authenticator_for_host(hostname, config):
"""Returns Authenticator instance to access given host.
hostname: a naked hostname or http(s)://<hostname>[/] URL. Used to derive
a cache key for token cache.
config: AuthConfig instance.
Authenticator object.
hostname = hostname.lower().rstrip('/')
# Append some scheme, otherwise urlparse puts hostname into parsed.path.
if '://' not in hostname:
hostname = 'https://' + hostname
parsed = urlparse.urlparse(hostname)
if parsed.path or parsed.params or parsed.query or parsed.fragment:
raise AuthenticationError(
'Expecting a hostname or root host URL, got %s instead' % hostname)
return Authenticator(parsed.netloc, config)
class Authenticator(object):
"""Object that knows how to refresh access tokens when needed.
token_cache_key: string key of a section of the token cache file to use
to keep the tokens. See hostname_to_token_cache_key.
config: AuthConfig object that holds authentication configuration.
def __init__(self, token_cache_key, config):
assert isinstance(config, AuthConfig)
assert config.use_oauth2
self._access_token = None
self._config = config
self._lock = threading.Lock()
self._token_cache_key = token_cache_key
def login(self):
"""Performs interactive login flow if necessary.
AuthenticationError on error or if interrupted.
return self.get_access_token(
force_refresh=True, allow_user_interaction=True)
def logout(self):
"""Revokes the refresh token and deletes it from the cache.
Returns True if actually revoked a token.
revoked = False
with self._lock:
self._access_token = None
storage = self._get_storage()
credentials = storage.get()
if credentials:
revoked = True
return revoked
def has_cached_credentials(self):
"""Returns True if long term credentials (refresh token) are in cache.
Doesn't make network calls.
If returns False, get_access_token() later will ask for interactive login by
raising LoginRequiredError.
If returns True, most probably get_access_token() won't ask for interactive
login, though it is not guaranteed, since cached token can be already
revoked and there's no way to figure this out without actually trying to use
with self._lock:
credentials = self._get_storage().get()
return credentials and not credentials.invalid
def get_access_token(self, force_refresh=False, allow_user_interaction=False):
"""Returns AccessToken, refreshing it if necessary.
force_refresh: forcefully refresh access token even if it is not expired.
allow_user_interaction: True to enable blocking for user input if needed.
AuthenticationError on error or if authentication flow was interrupted.
LoginRequiredError if user interaction is required, but
allow_user_interaction is False.
with self._lock:
if force_refresh:
self._access_token = self._create_access_token(allow_user_interaction)
return self._access_token
# Load from on-disk cache on a first access.
if not self._access_token:
self._access_token = self._load_access_token()
# Refresh if expired or missing.
if not self._access_token or _needs_refresh(self._access_token):
# Maybe some other process already updated it, reload from the cache.
self._access_token = self._load_access_token()
# Nope, still expired, need to run the refresh flow.
if not self._access_token or _needs_refresh(self._access_token):
self._access_token = self._create_access_token(allow_user_interaction)
return self._access_token
def get_token_info(self):
"""Returns a result of /oauth2/v2/tokeninfo call with token info."""
access_token = self.get_access_token()
resp, content = httplib2.Http().request(
uri='' % (
urllib.urlencode({'access_token': access_token.token})))
if resp.status == 200:
return json.loads(content)
raise AuthenticationError('Failed to fetch the token info: %r' % content)
def authorize(self, http):
"""Monkey patches authentication logic of httplib2.Http instance.
The modified http.request method will add authentication headers to each
request and will refresh access_tokens when a 401 is received on a
http: An instance of httplib2.Http.
A modified instance of http that was passed in.
# Adapted from oauth2client.OAuth2Credentials.authorize.
request_orig = http.request
def new_request(
uri, method='GET', body=None, headers=None,
headers = (headers or {}).copy()
headers['Authorization'] = 'Bearer %s' % self.get_access_token().token
resp, content = request_orig(
uri, method, body, headers, redirections, connection_type)
if resp.status in client.REFRESH_STATUS_CODES:'Refreshing due to a %s', resp.status)
access_token = self.get_access_token(force_refresh=True)
headers['Authorization'] = 'Bearer %s' % access_token.token
return request_orig(
uri, method, body, headers, redirections, connection_type)
return (resp, content)
http.request = new_request
return http
## Private methods.
def _get_storage(self):
"""Returns oauth2client.Storage with cached tokens."""
return multistore_file.get_credential_storage_custom_string_key(
OAUTH_TOKENS_CACHE, self._token_cache_key)
def _load_access_token(self):
"""Returns cached AccessToken if it is not expired yet."""
credentials = self._get_storage().get()
if not credentials or credentials.invalid:
return None
if not credentials.access_token or credentials.access_token_expired:
return None
return AccessToken(str(credentials.access_token), credentials.token_expiry)
def _create_access_token(self, allow_user_interaction=False):
"""Mints and caches a new access token, launching OAuth2 dance if necessary.
Uses cached refresh token, if present. In that case user interaction is not
required and function will finish quietly. Otherwise it will launch 3-legged
OAuth2 flow, that needs user interaction.
allow_user_interaction: if True, allow interaction with the user (e.g.
reading standard input, or launching a browser).
AuthenticationError on error or if authentication flow was interrupted.
LoginRequiredError if user interaction is required, but
allow_user_interaction is False.
storage = self._get_storage()
credentials = None
# 3-legged flow with (perhaps cached) refresh token.
credentials = storage.get()
refreshed = False
if credentials and not credentials.invalid:
refreshed = True
except client.Error as err:
'OAuth error during access token refresh: %s. '
'Attempting a full authentication flow.', err)
# Refresh token is missing or invalid, go through the full flow.
if not refreshed:
if not allow_user_interaction:
raise LoginRequiredError(self._token_cache_key)
credentials = _run_oauth_dance(self._config)
'OAuth access_token refreshed. Expires in %s.',
credentials.token_expiry - datetime.datetime.utcnow())
return AccessToken(str(credentials.access_token), credentials.token_expiry)
## Private functions.
def _should_use_oauth2():
"""Default value for use_oauth2 config option.
Used to selectively enable OAuth2 by default.
return os.path.exists(os.path.join(DEPOT_TOOLS_DIR, 'USE_OAUTH2'))
def _is_headless():
"""True if machine doesn't seem to have a display."""
return sys.platform == 'linux2' and not os.environ.get('DISPLAY')
def _needs_refresh(access_token):
"""True if AccessToken should be refreshed."""
if access_token.expires_at is not None:
# Allow 5 min of clock skew between client and backend.
now = datetime.datetime.utcnow() + datetime.timedelta(seconds=300)
return now >= access_token.expires_at
# Token without expiration time never expires.
return False
def _run_oauth_dance(config):
"""Perform full 3-legged OAuth2 flow with the browser.
AuthenticationError on errors.
flow = client.OAuth2WebServerFlow(
use_local_webserver = config.use_local_webserver
port = config.webserver_port
if config.use_local_webserver:
success = False
httpd = _ClientRedirectServer(('localhost', port), _ClientRedirectHandler)
except socket.error:
success = True
use_local_webserver = success
if not success:
'Failed to start a local webserver listening on port %d.\n'
'Please check your firewall settings and locally running programs that '
'may be blocking or using those ports.\n\n'
'Falling back to --auth-no-local-webserver and continuing with '
'authentication.\n' % port)
if use_local_webserver:
oauth_callback = 'http://localhost:%s/' % port
oauth_callback = client.OOB_CALLBACK_URN
flow.redirect_uri = oauth_callback
authorize_url = flow.step1_get_authorize_url()
if use_local_webserver:, new=1, autoraise=True)
'Your browser has been opened to visit:\n\n'
' %s\n\n'
'If your browser is on a different machine then exit and re-run this '
'application with the command-line parameter\n\n'
' --auth-no-local-webserver\n' % authorize_url)
'Go to the following link in your browser:\n\n'
' %s\n' % authorize_url)
code = None
if use_local_webserver:
if 'error' in httpd.query_params:
raise AuthenticationError(
'Authentication request was rejected: %s' %
if 'code' not in httpd.query_params:
raise AuthenticationError(
'Failed to find "code" in the query parameters of the redirect.\n'
'Try running with --auth-no-local-webserver.')
code = httpd.query_params['code']
code = raw_input('Enter verification code: ').strip()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
raise AuthenticationError('Authentication was canceled.')
return flow.step2_exchange(code)
except client.FlowExchangeError as e:
raise AuthenticationError('Authentication has failed: %s' % e)
class _ClientRedirectServer(BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer):
"""A server to handle OAuth 2.0 redirects back to localhost.
Waits for a single request and parses the query parameters
into query_params and then stops serving.
query_params = {}
class _ClientRedirectHandler(BaseHTTPServer.BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
"""A handler for OAuth 2.0 redirects back to localhost.
Waits for a single request and parses the query parameters
into the servers query_params and then stops serving.
def do_GET(self):
"""Handle a GET request.
Parses the query parameters and prints a message
if the flow has completed. Note that we can't detect
if an error occurred.
self.send_header('Content-type', 'text/html')
query = self.path.split('?', 1)[-1]
query = dict(urlparse.parse_qsl(query))
self.server.query_params = query
self.wfile.write('<html><head><title>Authentication Status</title></head>')
self.wfile.write('<body><p>The authentication flow has completed.</p>')
def log_message(self, _format, *args):
"""Do not log messages to stdout while running as command line program."""